A gas is liberated immediately with a brisk effervescence, when you add acetic acid to sodium hydrogen carbonate powder in a test tube. Name the gas and describe the test that confirms the identity of the gas.
When acetic acid (CH3COOH) is added to the sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) powder in a test tube, then the products obtained are sodium acetate, carbon dioxide and water.
Observations in this reaction are:
Brisk effervescence is seen because of CO2 gas escaping out from the reaction mixture. The gas turns lime water milky that confirms the identity of CO2 gas.
Chemical reactions involved:
CH3COOH + NaHCO3 →CH3COONa + CO2↑ + H2O
Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → CaCO3↓ + H2O