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A father tells his daughter, “ Seven years ago, I was seven times as old as you were then. Also, three years from now, I shall be three times as old as you will be.” Represent this situation algebraically and graphically. - CBSE Class 10 - Mathematics

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Question

A father tells his daughter, “ Seven years ago, I was seven times as old as you were then. Also, three years from now, I shall be three times as old as you will be.” Represent this situation algebraically and graphically.

Solution

Let the present age of father be x years and that of daughter = y years

Seven years ago father’s age = (x – 7) years

Seven years ago daughter’s age = (y – 7) years

According to the problem

(x – 7) = 7(y – 7) or x – 7y = – 42 ….(1)

After 3 years father’s age = (x + 3) years

After 3 years daughter’s age = (y + 3) years

According to the condition given in the question

x + 3 = 3(y + 3) or x – 3y = 6 ….(2)

`x – 7y = –42 ⇒ y=\frac { x+42 }{ 7 }`

x 0 7 14
y 6 7 8
Points A B C

`x – 3y = 6   ⇒   y=\frac { x-6 }{ 3 }`

x 6 12 18
y 0 2 4
Points D E F

Plot the points A(0, 6), B(7, 7), C(14, 8) and join them to get a straight line ABC. Similarly plot the points D(6, 0), E(12, 2) and F(18,4) and join them to get a straight line DEF.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?

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 NCERT Solution for Mathematics Textbook for Class 10 (2019 to Current)
Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
Ex. 3.10 | Q: 1 | Page no. 44
Solution A father tells his daughter, “ Seven years ago, I was seven times as old as you were then. Also, three years from now, I shall be three times as old as you will be.” Represent this situation algebraically and graphically. Concept: Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations.
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