A cubical metal solid block is heated. How will its volume change?
When a solid is heated, it expands in all directions. The volume of a cube also increases.
Let V0 be the volume of cube of side L0 at 0°C. i.e. V0 = L30 – V
When temperature increases to t°C each side increases to Vt
∴ Vt = L3t
Increase in volume = (Vt — V0) [L3t — L30]
Increase in temperature = (t — O)°C = t°C