A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

#### Solution

Let the number of articles produced be x.

Therefore, cost of production of each article = Rs (2x + 3)

It is given that the total production is Rs 90.

∴ x(2x + 3) = 0

⇒ 2x^{2} + 3x - 90 = 0

⇒ 2x^{2} + 15x -12x - 90 = 0

⇒ x(2x + 15) -6(2x + 15) = 0

⇒ (2x + 15)(x - 6) = 0

Either 2x + 15 = 0 or x - 6 = 0

⇒ x = -15/2 or x = 6

As the number of articles produced can only be a positive integer, therefore, x can only be 6.

Hence, number of articles produced = 6

Cost of each article = 2 × 6 + 3 = Rs 15.