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A Concave Mirror Produces a Real Image 1 Cm Tall of an Object 2.5 Mm Tall Placed 5 Cm from the Mirror. Find the Position of the Image and the Focal Length of the Mirror. - CBSE Class 10 - Science

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Question

A concave mirror produces a real image 1 cm tall of an object 2.5 mm tall placed 5 cm from the mirror. Find the position of the image and the focal length of the mirror.

Solution

Distance of the object from the mirror (u) = -5 cm
Height of the image (hi)​ = -1 cm
Height of the object (ho)​ = 2.5 mm = 0.25 cm
We have to find the image distance (v) and the focal length of the mirror (f).
Using the magnification formula, we get  

`m=h_i/h_o=(-v)/u` 

`or (-1)/0.25=(-v)/-5` 

`or v=-5/0.25=-20 `cm 

Thus, the distance of the image is -20 cm.
It means that the image will form 20 cm in front of the mirror.
Now, using the mirror formula, we get 

`1/f=1/v+1/u`  

`1/f=1/-20+1/5` 

 `or1/f=1/20+1/-5`  

`or 1/f=-1/20-4/20=-5/20=-1/4` 

f=-4 m 

Thus, the focal length of the mirror is 4 cm.

 

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Solution A Concave Mirror Produces a Real Image 1 Cm Tall of an Object 2.5 Mm Tall Placed 5 Cm from the Mirror. Find the Position of the Image and the Focal Length of the Mirror. Concept: Reflection of Light - Image Formation by Spherical Mirrors - Concave Mirror.
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