A coil of copper wire is connected to a galvanometer. What would happen if a bar magnet is:
(i) Pushed into the coil with its north pole entering first?
(ii) Held at rest inside the coil?
(iii) Pulled out again?
When the north-pole is pushed into the coil, a momentary deflection is observed in the galvanometer that indicates the production of a momentary current in the coil.
When the magnet is held at rest, there is no deflection in the galvanometer, indicating that no current is produced in the coil.
When the north-pole is pulled out from the coil, the deflection of the galvanometer is along the opposite direction, indicating the production of an opposite current.