A Charged Particle is Whirled in a Horizontal Circle on a Frictionless Table by Attaching It to a String Fixed at One Point. If a Magnetic Field is Switched on in the Vertical - Physics

MCQ

A charged particle is whirled in a horizontal circle on a frictionless table by attaching it to a string fixed at one point. If a magnetic field is switched on in the vertical direction, the tension in the string

Options

• will increase

• will decrease

• will remain the same

• may increase or decrease

Solution

When the charged particle is whirled in a horizontal circle, at any moment, the current direction can be taken along the tangent of the circle. Also, the magnetic field is in the vertical direction. So, using Fleming's left-hand rule, the force can be radially outward or inward, depending on the direction of the magnetic field, i.e. either upward or downward. Also, the direction of force depends on the direction of the whirl, i.e. clockwise or anticlockwise and obviously on the charge of the particle, i.e. whether it is positive or negative. So, the correct answer is that the tension may increase or decrease.

Concept: Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields
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APPEARS IN

HC Verma Class 11, Class 12 Concepts of Physics Vol. 2
Chapter 12 Magnetic Field
MCQ | Q 2 | Page 229