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A, B and C Are All Liquids. Liquid a Has a Comparatively Low Boiling Point. on Heating, Liquid a Vaporises Completely Without Leaving Behind Any Residue. Liquid a is Being Used - Science

Answer in Brief

A, B and C are all liquids. Liquid A has a comparatively low boiling point. On heating, liquid A vaporises completely without leaving behind any residue. Liquid A is being used increasingly as a fuel in motor vehicles either alone or by mixing with petrol. Liquid B has a very high boiling point. It also vaporises completely on heating, without leaving any residue. Liquid B is a conductor of electricity and used in making thermometers. Liquid C has a moderate boiling point. On heating, liquid C vaporises leaving behind a white solid D which is used in cooking vegetables. The condensation of vapours from C give a liquid E which turns anhydrous CuSO4 to blue.

(a) Which liquid could be an element ? Name this element.

(b) Which liquid could be a mixture ? Name this mixture.

(c) Which liquid could be a compound ? Name this compound.

(d) What could the solid D be ?

(e) What do you think is liquid E ?

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  1. Liquid B has a very high boiling point. It also vaporises on heating. It is a conductor of electricity and is used in making thermometers. So, B could be an element. Further, liquid B is mercury as mercury is a liquid metal, which expands on heating and is used extensively in thermometers.
  2. Liquid C has a moderate boiling point. It could be a mixture. It is a salt solution because when C is heated, it vaporises and leaves behind a white solid (salt), which is used in the process of cooking.
  3. Liquid A is used in motor vehicles as fuel, either alone or after mixing with petrol. It could be a compound because on heating, it does not leave any residue. It is alcohol as alcohol is being used in motor vehicles nowadays.
  4. Solid D is sodium chloride. It is also known as common salt and is added in food.
  5. Liquid E is water as, on heating, liquid C, which is a salt solution, leaves water vapours. On condensing these vapours, we obtain pure water. When water is mixed with anhydrous copper sulphate, we obtain a blue colour solution. This is because of the formation of hydrated copper sulphate solution.

\[\ce{CuSO4 + 5H2O →\underset{\text{hydrated copper sulphate}}{CuSO4.5H2O}}\]

Concept: Matter
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