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A 8000 Kg Engine Pulls a Train of 5 Wagons, Each of 2000 Kg, Along a Horizontal Track. If the Engine Exerts a Force of 40000 N and the Track Offers a Friction Force of 5000 N, Then Calculate - Science

A 8000 kg engine pulls a train of 5 wagons, each of 2000 kg, along a horizontal track. If the engine exerts a force of 40000 N and the track offers a friction force of 5000 N, then calculate:

(a) the net accelerating force;

(b) the acceleration of the train; and

(c)the force of wagon 1 on wagon 2.

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Solution

(a)Force exerted by the engine, F = 40000 N

Frictional force offered by the track, Ff = 5000 N

Net accelerating force, Fa = F − Ff = 40000 − 5000 = 35000 N

Hence, the net accelerating force is 35000 N.

(b)Acceleration of the train = a

The engine exerts a force of 40000 N on all the five wagons.

Net accelerating force on the wagons, Fa = 35000 N

Mass of the wagons, m = Mass of a wagon × Number of wagons

Mass of a wagon = 2000 kg

Number of wagons = 5

∴ m = 2000 × 5 = 10000 kg

Total mass, M = m  = 10000 kg

From Newton’s second law of motion:

Fa = Ma

`a=F_a/m`

`=35000/10000`

`=3.5"ms"^-2`

Hence, the acceleration of the wagons and the train is 3.5 m/s2.

(c)Mass of all the wagons except wagon 1 is 4 × 2000 = 8000 kg

Acceleration of the wagons = 3.5 m/s2

Thus, force exerted on all the wagons except wagon 1

= 8000 × 3.5 = 28000 N

Therefore, the force exerted by wagon 1 on the remaining four wagons is 28000 ​ N.

Hence, the force exerted by wagon 1 on wagon 2 is 28000 ​ N.

  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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APPEARS IN

NCERT Class 9 Science Textbook
Chapter 9 Force and Laws of Motion
Q 7 | Page 128
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