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A(7, -3), B(5,3) and C(3,-1) Are the Vertices of a δAbc and Ad is Its Median. Prove that the Median Ad Divides δAbc into Two Triangles of Equal Areas. - Mathematics

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A(7, -3), B(5,3) and C(3,-1) are the vertices of a ΔABC and AD is its median. Prove that the median AD divides ΔABC into two triangles of equal areas. 

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Solution

The vertices of the triangle are A(7, -3), B(5,3) and C(3,-1)

`"Coordinates of" D = ((5+3)/2,(3-1)/2) = (4,1)`

For the area of the triangle ADC, let

`A (x_1,y_1)=A(7,-3), D(x_2,y_2) =D(4,1) and C (x_3,y_3) = C(3,-1)`. Then

`"Area of"  Δ ADC = 1/2 [ x_1(y_2-y_3)+x_2(y_3-y_1)+x_3(y_1-y_2)]`

`=1/2 [7(1+1)+4(-1+3)+3(-3-1)]`

`=1/2[14+8-12}=5` sq. unit

Now, for the area of triangle ABD, let

`A(x_1,y_1) = A(7,-3), B(x_2,y_2) = B(5,3) and D (x_3,y_3) = D (4,1). `Then

`"Area of"  Δ ADC = 1/2 [ x_1(y_2-y_3)+x_2(y_3-y_1)+x_3(y_1-y_2)]`

`=1/2 [7(3-1)+5(1+3)+4(-3-3)]`

`=1/2[14+20-24] = 5` sq. unit 

Thus, Area (ΔADC)  = Area (ΔABD) = 5. sq units

Hence, AD divides  ΔABC into two triangles of equal areas.

Concept: Area of a Triangle
  Is there an error in this question or solution?

APPEARS IN

RS Aggarwal Secondary School Class 10 Maths
Chapter 16 Coordinate Geomentry
Q 7
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