What is meant by ‘Reconstitution of a partnership firm’
X, Y and Z are partners sharing profit in ratio of 1/2, 2/5, and 1/10. Find the new ratio of remaining partners if Z retires.
Distinguish between ‘Dissolution of partnership’ and Dissolution of partnership firm ‘on the basis of closure of Books.
Why heirs of a retiring/deceased partner are entitled to a share of goodwill of the firm?
Give the meaning of ‘Debenture’?
What is the maximum amount of discount at which forfeited share can be re-issued?
Give any one purpose for which the amount received as ‘Securities Premium’ may be utilised.
Saloni and Shrishti were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7:3. Their capitals were Rs.2,00,000 and Rs.1,50,000 respectively. They admitted Aditi on 1st April, 2013 as a new partner for 1/6th share in future profits. Aditi brought Rs.1,00,000 as her capital. Calculate the value of goodwill of the firm and record necessary journal entries for the above transaction on Aditi's admission.
BG. Ltd. issued 2,000, 12% debentures of Rs.100 each on 1st April 2012. The issue was fully subscribed. According to the terms of issue, interest on the debentures is payable half-yearly on 30th September and 31st March and the tax deducted at source is 10%. Pass necessary journal entries related to the debenture interest for the half-yearly ending 31st March, 2013 and transfer of interest on debentures of the year to the Statement of Profit & Loss.
Pass necessary journal entries in the following cases :
i. Z Ltd redeemed 1500, 12% debentures of Rs.100 each issued at a discount of 6% by converting them into equity shares of Rs.100 each issued at a premium of Rs.25 per share.
ii. X Ltd. converted 1,000, 12% debentures of Rs.100 each issued at a discount of Rs.10 per debenture into equity shares of Rs.100 each Rs.90 paid up.
Satnam and Qureshi after doing their MBA decided to start a partnership firm to manufacture 151 marked electronic goods for economically weaker section of the society. Satnam also expressed his willingness to admit Juliee as partner without capital who is specially abled but a very creative and intelligent friend of him. Qureshi agreed to this. They formed a partnership on 1st April 2012 on the following terms :
i. Satnam will contribute Rs.4,00,000 and Qureshi will contribute Rs.2,00,000 as capitals.
ii. Satnam, Qureshi and Juliee will share profits in the ratio of 2:2:1.
iii. Interest on capital will be allowed @ 6% p.a. Due to shortage of capital Satnam contributed Rs.50,000 on 30th September, 2012 and Qureshi contributed Rs.20,000 on 1st January, 2013 as additional capitals. The profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2013 was Rs.3,37,800.
a. Identify any two values which the firm wants to communicate to the society.
b. Prepare Profit & Loss Appropriation Account for the year ending 31st March, 2013.
Virad, Vishad and Roma were partners sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 :2 respectively. On march 31, 2013,their Balance Sheet as under.
Virad died on October 1, 2013. It was agreed between his executors and the remaining partner's that:
a. Goodwill of the firm be valued at 2 ½ years purchase of average profits for the last three years. The average profits were Rs.1,50,000.
b. Interest on capital be provided at 10% p.a.
c. Profit for the year 2013-14 be taken as having accrued at the same rate as that of the previous year which was Rs.1,50,000.
Prepare Virad's Capital Account to be presented to his Executors as on October 1, 2013.
On 1st April, 2012; Vivek Ltd. Was formed with an authorized capital of Rs.1,00,00,000 divided into 2,00,000 equity shares of Rs.50 each. The company issued prospectus inviting applications for 1,80,000 shares. The issue price was payable as under:
On Application: Rs.15
On Allotment: Rs.20
On Call: Balance amount
The issue was fully subscribed and the company allotted shares to all the applicants. The company did not make the call during the year.
Show the following:
a. Share capital in the Balance Sheet of the company as per revised Schedule-VI, Part-I of the Companies Act, 1956.
b. Also prepare 'Notes to Accounts' for the same.
Pass necessary journal entries for the following transactions in the books of Rajan Ltd.:
(a) Rajan Ltd. purchased machinery of Rs.7,20,000 from Kundan Ltd. The payment was made to Kundan Ltd. by issue of equity shares of Rs.100 each at 10% discount.
(b) Rajan Ltd purchased a running business from Vikas Ltd. for a sum of Rs.2,50,000 payable as Rs.2,20,000 in fully paid equity shares of Rs.10 each and balance by a bank draft. The assets and liabilities consisted of the following:
Plant & Machinery Rs.90,000; Building Rs.90,000; Sundry Debtors Rs.30,000; Stock Rs.50,000; Cash Rs.20,000; Sundry Creditors Rs.20,000.
Naveen, Seerat and Hina were partners in a firm manufacturing blanket. They were sharing profits in the ratio of 5:3:2. Their capitals on 1st April, 2012 were Rs.2,00,000; Rs.3,00,000 and Rs.6,00,000 respectively. After the floods in Uttaranchal, all partners decided to help the flood victims personally. For this Naveen withdrew Rs.10,000 from the firm on 1st September; 2012. Seerat, instead of withdrawing cash from the firm took blankets amounting to Rs.12,000 from the firm and distributed to the flood victims. On the other hand, Hina withdrew Rs.2,00,000 from her capital on 1st January, 2013 and set up a centre to provide medical facilities in the flood affected area.
The partnership deed provides for charging interest on drawings @ 6% p.a. After the Final Accounts were prepared, it was discovered that interest on drawings had not been charged. Give the necessary adjusting journal entry and show the working notes clearly. Also state any two values that the partners wanted to communicate to the society.
Shanti and Satya were partners in firm in a sharing profit in the ratio of 4:1. On 31st march ,2013 their Balance Sheet was as follows:
Balance Sheet of Shanti and Satya as on 31st March, 2013
Workman Compention Fund
Satya’s Current Account
Shanti’s Current Account
On the above date the firm was dissolved:
1. Shanti took over 40% of the stock at 10% less than its book value and the remaining stock was sold for Rs.40,000. Furniture realized Rs.80,000.
2. An unrecorded investment was sold for Rs.20,000. Machinery was sold at a loss of Rs.60,000.
3. Debtors realized Rs.55,000.
4. There was an outstanding bill for repairs for which Rs.19,000 were paid.
Prepare Realisation Account.
Mohan and Mahesh were partners in a firm sharing profit in the ratio 3:2. On 1st April, 2012 they admitted Nusrat as a partners in the firm. The Balance Sheet of Mohan and Mahesh on that date was as under:
Balance Sheet of Mohan and Mahesh as on 1st April, 2012
Workman’s Compensation Fund
Cash in hand
It was agreed that:
i. The value of Building and Stock be appreciated to Rs.3,80,000 and Rs.1,60,000 respectively.
ii. The liabilities of workmen's compensation fund was determined at Rs.2,30,000.
iii. Nusrat brought in her share of goodwill Rs.1,00,000 in cash.
iv. Nusrat was to bring further cash as would make her capital equal to 20% of the combined capital of Mohan and Mahesh after above revaluation and adjustments are carried out.
v. The future profit sharing ratio will be Mohan 2/5, Mahesh 2/5, Nusrat 1/5.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Balance Sheet of the new firm. Also show clearly the calculation of Capital brough by Nusrat.
Kushal Kumar and Kavita were partners in a firm sharing profit in the ratio 3:1:1. On 1st April ,2012 their Balance Sheet was as follows:
Balance Sheet of Kushal, Kumar and Kavita as on 1st April, 2012
|Liabilities||Amount (Rs.)||Assets||Amount (Rs.)|
Less: Provision 10,000
On the above date Kavita retired and the following was agreed:
i. Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs.40,000.
ii. Land was to be appreciated by 30% and building was to be depreciated by Rs.1,00,000.
iii. Value of furniture was to be reduced by Rs.20,000.
iv. Bad debts reserve is to be increased to Rs.15,000.
v. 10% of the amount payable to Kavita was paid in cash and the balance was transferred to her Loan Account.
vi. Capitals of Kushal and Kumar will be in proportion to their new profit sharing ratio. The surplus/deficit, if any in their Capital Accounts will be adjusted through Current Accounts.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partners Capital Accounts and Balance Sheet of Kushal and Kumar after Kavita's retirement.
XYZ Ltd. invited applications for 40,000 equity shares of Rs.100 each at a discount of 6%. The amount was payable as follows:
On Application and Allotment - Rs.90 per share
On First and Final call - the balance amount.
Applications for 60,000 shares were received. Applications for 10,000 shares were rejected and shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to remaining applicants. Excess application money received on application and allotment was adjusted towards sums due on first and final call. The calls were made. A shareholder, who applied for 50 share, failed to pay the first and final call money. His shares were forfeited. All the forfeited shares were re-issued at Rs.97 per share fully paid up. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of XYZ Ltd.
AB Ltd. invited applications for issuing 75,000 equity shares of Rs.100 each at a premium of Rs.30 per share. The amount way payable as follows:
On Application and Allotment - Rs.85 per share (including premium)
On First and Final call - the balance amount
Applications for 1,27,500 shares were received. Applications for 27,500 shares were rejected and shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to the remaining applicants. Excess money received on application and allotment was adjusted towards sums due to first and final call. The calls were made. A shareholder, who applied for 1,000 shares, failed to pay the first and final call money. His shares were forfeited. All the forfeited shares were reissued at Rs.150 per share fully paid up.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of AB Ltd.
Give the meaning of ‘Cash Equivalents’ for the purpose of preparing Cash Flow Statement.
What is meant by ‘Cash Equivalent’ while preparing Cash Flow Statement?
State the objective of preparing ‘Cash Flow statement’.
State any two objectives of preparing Cash Flow Statement
State any one limitation of Analysis of Financial Statement’.
Under which major sub-headings the following items will be placed in the Balance Sheet of a company as per revised Schedule-VI, Part-I of the Companies Act, 1956:
- Accrued Incomes
- Loose Tools
- Provision for employees benefits
- Unpaid dividend
- Short-term loans
- Long-term loans.
From the following Statement of profit and loss of the year ended 31st March, 2013; prepare a comparative statement of Profit and Loss of Good Service Ltd.
|Particulars||2012-13 (Rs.)||2011-12 (Rs.)|
|Revenue from operation||20,00,000||15,00,000|
Rate of Income tax was 50%.
From the Following information , compute Debt-Equity Ratio:
Long Term Borrowings 2,00,000
Long Term Provision 1,00,000
Current Liabilities 50,000
Current -Assets 90,000
The current ratio of X. Ltd is 2:1. State with reason which of the following transaction would
i. Increase or ii. decrease or iii. not change the ratio
1. Included in the trade payables was a bills payable of Rs.9,000 which was met on maturity.
2. Company issued 1,00,000 equity shares of Rs.10 each to the Vendors of machinery purchased.
Prepare a Cash Flow Statement from the information given in the balance sheet of live Ltd. as at 31-3-2013and 31-3-2012:
|Particulars||Note No.||31-3-2015 (Rs.)||31-3-2014 (Rs.)|
I. Equity and Liabilities
1. Shareholder’s Funds
a. Equity Share Capital
b. Reserve and Surplus
2. Non - Current Liabilities
a) Long term borrowings
3. Current Liabilities
a) Trade Payables
1. Non – Current Assets
a) Fixed Assets
b) Non – Current Investments
2. Current Assets
a) Current Investments (marketable)
c) Trade Receivable
c) Cash and Cash equivalents
Notes to Account:
|Particulars||2013 (Rs.)||2012 (Rs.)|
Reserve and Surplus
Surplus (balance in statement of profit and loss)