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Write the name and general formula of a chain of hydrocarbons in which an addition reaction with hydrogen is possible. State the essential condition for an addition reaction. Stating this condition, write a chemical equation giving the name of the reactant and the product of the reaction.
List two reasons for carbon forming a large number of compounds. Name the type of bonding found in most of its compounds. Why does carbon form compounds mainly by this kind of bonding?
Give reason why the carbon compounds-
(i) generally have low melting and boiling points.
(ii) do not conduct electricity in molten state.
Define the term ‘structural’ isomerism'. Explain why propane cannot exhibit this property. Draw the structures of possible isomers of butane, C4H10.