- Theorem :- Two triangles on the same base (or equal bases) and between the same parallels are equal in area
- Theorem :- Two triangles having the same base (or equal bases) and equal areas lie between the same parallels
In the following figure, ABC is a right triangle right angled at A. BCED, ACFG and ABMN are squares on the sides BC, CA and AB respectively. Line segment AX ⊥ DE meets BC at Y. Show that:-
(i) ΔMBC ≅ ΔABD
(ii) ar (BYXD) = 2 ar(MBC)
(iii) ar (BYXD) = ar(ABMN)
(iv) ΔFCB ≅ ΔACE
(v) ar(CYXE) = 2 ar(FCB)
(vi) ar (CYXE) = ar(ACFG)
(vii) ar (BCED) = ar(ABMN) + ar(ACFG)
Note : Result (vii) is the famous Theorem of Pythagoras. You shall learn a simpler proof of this theorem in Class X.
In a ΔABC, if L and M are points on AB and AC respectively such that LM || BC. Prove
(1) ar (ΔLCM ) = ar (ΔLBM )
(2) ar (ΔLBC) = ar (ΔMBC)
(3) ar (ΔABM) ar (ΔACL)
(4) ar (ΔLOB) ar (ΔMOC)
D, E and F are respectively the mid-points of the sides BC, CA and AB of a ΔABC. Show that
(i) BDEF is a parallelogram.
(ii) ar (DEF) = 1/4ar (ABC)
(iii) ar (BDEF) = 1/2ar (ABC)
D and E are points on sides AB and AC respectively of ΔABC such that
ar (DBC) = ar (EBC). Prove that DE || BC.
In the following figure, ABC and BDE are two equilateral triangles such that D is the mid-point of BC. If AE intersects BC at F, show that
(i) ar (BDE) = 1/4 ar (ABC)
(ii) ar (BDE) = 1/2 ar (BAE)
(iii) ar (ABC) = 2 ar (BEC)
(iv) ar (BFE) = ar (AFD)
(v) ar (BFE) = 2 ar (FED)
(vi) ar (FED) = 1/8 ar (AFC)
[Hint : Join EC and AD. Show that BE || AC and DE || AB, etc.]
The side AB of a parallelogram ABCD is produced to any point P. A line through A and parallel to CP meets CB produced at Q and then parallelogram PBQR is completed (see the following figure). Show that
ar (ABCD) = ar (PBQR).
[Hint: Join AC and PQ. Now compare area (ACQ) and area (APQ)]
In the given figure, diagonals AC and BD of quadrilateral ABCD intersect at O such that OB = OD. If AB = CD, then show that:
(i) ar (DOC) = ar (AOB)
(ii) ar (DCB) = ar (ACB)
(iii) DA || CB or ABCD is a parallelogram.
[Hint: From D and B, draw perpendiculars to AC.]