The organisms which can reproduce by fragmentation are :
(a) Corals and Sponges
(b) Corals and Spirogyra
(c) sea anemone and Spirogyra
(d) Sponges and Sea anemones
In Spirogyra, asexual reproduction takes place by :
(a) division of a cell into two cells
(b) breaking up of filaments into smaller bits
(c) division of a cell into many cells
(d) formation of a large number of buds
An alga which reproduces by the asexual reproduction method called fragmentation is :
On cutting the body of an organism into many pieces it was observed that many of these pieces developed as new individuals. Name the process and list two organisms in which this process may be observed. Draw a schematic diagram to illustrate the changes that are likely to be observed during the development of new individuals in any one of the organisms named.
Two very small organisms X and Y both reproduce by the method of budding. Organism X is industrially very important because it is used in making alcohol from sugar. It is also used in making bread. Organism Y Lives in freshwater. If organism Y gets cut into a number of parts accidently, each cut part can grow to form complete organism.
(a) What are organisms X and Y?
(b) What is the name of the process in which X converts sugar into alcohol?
(c) To which class of organisms does X belong?
(d) Name an important body feature of organism Y.
(e) Which organism is multicellular and which one is unicellular?