Explanation of the terms: Fertilization, implantation, placenta, gestation and parturition
Identical and fraternal twins: meaning and differences only.
- Reproduction in Human Beings
When a female child is born, her ovaries already contain thousands of immature eggs (or ova) contained in immature structures A. On maturing, A bursts open and an egg shoots out of the ovary in a process called B. The process B starts in the females at puberty and occurs again and again after a time period x. Before every occurrence of process B, the inner lining of uterus becomes thick and soft with lots of blood vessels in it. When the egg cell gets fertilised by a sperm, then an event C occurs in the life of mature human female which lasts for time period y leading to the birth of baby. If, however, the egg cell released by the ovary does not get a sperm to fuse with, then the thick and soft inner lining of uterus breaks down and comes out of the female's body in an event called D. The occurrence of event D is controlled by chemical substances E.
(a) What are A?
(b) What is process B?
(c) What is the time period x?
(d) Name the event C.
(e) How much is the time period y?
(f) What is the name of process D?
(g) Name the chemical substances E.
In human males, the testes lie in the scrotum outside the body because it helps in the
(a) process of mating
(b) formation of sperms
(c) easy transfer of sperms
(d) all the above
Name the parts of the human female reproductive system where
i. fertilisation takes place
ii. implantation of the fertilised egg occurs