Theorem :- Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area
P and Q are any two points lying on the sides DC and AD respectively of a parallelogram ABCD. Show that ar (APB) = ar (BQC).
A farmer was having a field in the form of a parallelogram PQRS. She took any point A on RS and joined it to points P and Q. In how many parts the field is divided? What are the shapes of these parts? The farmer wants to sow wheat and pulses in equal portions of the field separately. How should she do it?
In the given figure, PQRS and ABRS are parallelograms and X is any point on side BR. Show that
(i) ar (PQRS) = ar (ABRS)
(ii) ar (AXS) = 1/2ar (PQRS)
In the following figure, ABCD is parallelogram and BC is produced to a point Q such that AD = CQ. If AQ intersect DC at P, show that
ar (BPC) = ar (DPQ).
[Hint: Join AC.]
In the given figure, P is a point in the interior of a parallelogram ABCD. Show that
(i) ar (APB) + ar (PCD) = 1/2ar (ABCD)
(ii) ar (APD) + ar (PBC) = ar (APB) + ar (PCD)
[Hint: Through. P, draw a line parallel to AB]
Parallelogram ABCD and rectangle ABEF are on the same base AB and have equal areas. Show that the perimeter of the parallelogram is greater than that of the rectangle.
If E, F, G and H are respectively the mid-points of the sides of a parallelogram ABCD show that ar (EFGH) = 1/2ar (ABCD)