Two absolute scales A and B have triple points of water defined to be 200 A and 350 B. What is the relation between TA and TB?
Two ideal gas thermometers Aand Buse oxygen and hydrogen respectively. The following observations are made:
|Temperature||Pressure thermometer A||Pressure thermometer B|
|Triple-point of water||1.250 × 105 Pa||0.200 × 105 Pa|
|Normal melting point of sulphur||1.797 × 105 Pa||0.287 × 105 Pa|
(a) What is the absolute temperature of the normal melting point of sulphur as read by thermometers Aand B?
(b) What do you think is the reason behind the slight difference in answers of thermometers Aand B? (The thermometers are not faulty). What further procedure is needed in the experiment to reduce the discrepancy between the two readings?
Answer the following:
The triple-point of water is a standard fixed point in modern thermometry. Why? What is wrong in taking the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water as standard fixed points (as was originally done in the Celsius scale)?
A brass wire 1.8 m long at 27 °C is held taut with little tension between two rigid supports. If the wire is cooled to a temperature of –39 °C, what is the tension developed in the wire, if its diameter is 2.0 mm? Co-efficient of linear expansion of brass = 2.0 × 10–5 K–1; Young’s modulus of brass = 0.91 × 1011 Pa.
The electrical resistance in ohms of a certain thermometer varies with temperature according to the approximate law:
R = Ro [1 + α (T – To)]
The resistance is 101.6 Ω at the triple-point of water 273.16 K, and 165.5 Ω at the normal melting point of lead (600.5 K). What is the temperature when the resistance is 123.4 Ω?