- kidneys treated as comprising cortex and medulla
- consisting of a branched system of tubules well supplied with blood vessels leading to the ureter
Give biological reasons for the following statements: There is frequent urination in winter than in summer
The given diagram represents a nephron and its blood supply. Study the diagram and answer the following questions:
(i) Label parts 1, 2, 3 and 4.
(ii) State the reason for the high hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus.
(iii) Name the blood vessel which contains the least amount of urea in this diagram.
(iv) Name the two main stages of urine formation.
(v) Name the part of the nephron which lies in the renal medulla.
The diagram given below shows a section of human kidney. Study the diagram carefully and answer the questions that follow :
(i) Label the parts numbered 1 to 4.
(ii) Why does part ‘2’ have a striped appearance?
(iii) What is the fluid that passes down part ‘4’? Name the main nitrogenous waste present in it.
(iv) Mention the structural and functional units of kidneys.
(v) Name the two major steps in the formation of the fluid mentioned in Q.5 (a) (iii).
The nephrons discharge their urine at the :
A. Urinary bladder
C. Renal pelvis
D. Renal pyramid
The diagram given below shows the male urinogenital system of a human being. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:
(i) Label the parts numbered 1 to 8.
(ii) Name the corresponding structure of part (4) in female reproductive system.
(iii) What is the role of part 7?
_____________ secreted by the (ii) _____________ lobe of the pituitary gland. If this hormone secretion is reduced, there is an increased production of urine. This disorder is called (iii) ____________. Sometimes excess glucose is passed with urine due to hyposecretion of another hormone called (iv) _____________ leading to the cause of a disease called (v) ______________.