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Concept of Elementary Row and Column Operations
Express the following equations in the matrix form and solve them by method of reduction :
2x- y + z = 1, x + 2y + 3z = 8, 3x + y - 4z =1
Use elementary column operation C2 → C2 + 2C1 in the following matrix equation :
Using elementary transformations, find the inverse of the matrix A = `((8,4,3),(2,1,1),(1,2,2))`and use it to solve the following system of linear equations :
8x + 4y + 3z = 19
2x + y + z = 5
x + 2y + 2z = 7
The cost of 4 dozen pencils, 3 dozen pens and 2 dozen erasers is Rs. 60. The cost of 2 dozen pencils, 4 dozen pens and 6 dozen erasers is Rs. 90 whereas the cost of 6 dozen pencils, 2 dozen pens and 3 dozen erasers is Rs. 70. Find the cost of each item per dozen by using matrices.
The sum of three numbers is 9. If we multiply third number by 3 and add to the second number, we get 16. By adding the first and the third number and then subtracting twice the second number from this sum, we get 6. Use this information and find the system of linear equations. Hence, find the three numbers using matrices.
The sum of three numbers is 6. When second number is subtracted from thrice the sum of first and third number, we get number 10. Four times the sum of third number is subtracted from five times the sum of first and second number, the result is 3. Using above information, find these three numbers by matrix method.