Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 11th
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  • Definitions of Urbanisation
  • Characteristics of Urbanisation



The rise and fall of the cities depend on its political and cultural graph of events. The process of urbanisation is associated mainly with political and economic development. Alauddin Khalji of the Khalji dynasty built the city of ‘Siri’. The Sultan of the Tughluq dynasty set up three cities namely, Tughluqabad, Jahanpanha, and Firozabad. The Sultans of Sayyed and Lodi dynasty made the city of Agra as their capital. He created Siri between 1297 and 1307 to defend against Mongol invasions of India and Delhi. In response, he built Siri Fort, mimicked massive Turkish ones. The Fort served as the seat of his power during his campaigns to enlarge his territory. Due to frequent Mongol invasions of West Asia, the Seljuqs took asylum in Delhi. The craftsmen of the Seljuq Dynasty are credited with this era's architectural monuments in Delhi.

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