BE IT (Information Technology) Semester 2 (FE First Year)University of Mumbai

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Summarization and Comprehension: Passages to Test the Analytical Skills and Expression

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But man is not destined to vanish. He can be killed, but he cannot be destroyed , because his soul is the deathless and his spirit is irrepressible. Therefore, though the situation seems dark in the context of the confrontation between the superpower, the silver lining is provided by amazing phenomenon that the very nations which have spent incalculable resource and energy for the production of deadly weapons are desperately trying to find out how they might never be used. They threaten each other, intimidate and each other and go to brink, but before the total hour arrives the withdrawal from there brink.
i. The main point from the author's view is that
A. Man's soul and spirit cannot be destroyed by superpower.
B. Man's destiny is not fully clear or visible.
C. Man's soul and spirit are immortal.
D. Mens safety is assured by the delicate balance of power in term of nuclear weapon.
E. Human society will survive despite the serious threat of the total annihilation.

ii). The phrase "Go to the brink" in the passage means 
A. Retreating from extreme danger.
B. Declare War on each other.
C. Advancing to the stage of War but not engaging in it.
D. Negotiate for peace.
E. Commit suicide.

III). In the author's opinion
A. Use stockpiles of destructive weapons have Safari save mankind from a Castrophe.
B. Superpower have at least realise the need for abandoning the production of Lethal weapons.
C. Mankind is heading toward complete destruction.
D. Nations is position of Huge stop files of Lethal weapons are trying hard to avoid actual conflict.
E. There is a silver lining over the production of deadly weapons.

iv). Irrepressible in the second line means 
A. Incompatible.
B. Strong.
C. Oppressive.
D. Unrestrainable.

E. Unspirited.

V). A suitable title for the above passage is 
A. Destruction of mankind is in evitable.

B. Men's desire to survive in habits use of deadly weapons.
C. Mounting cost of modern weapons.
D. Threads and intimidation between superpower.
E. Cowardly Retreat by man.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the question given below.

The word euthanasia is of Greek origin and literally means" a good death". the American Heritage dictionary defines it as" the act of killing a person painlessly for reasons of Mercy."search killing can be done through active means, such as administering a lethal injection, or by passive means , such as withholding medical care or food and water.

in recent year in the United States there has been numerous case of active Euthanasia in the news. They usually involve the deliberate killing of your incapacitated person why relatives our friend who played that they can no longer be a to say their loved one suffer. Although search killings are a crime,the perpetrators are obtained dealt with leniently by our legal system, and the media risk to save another from unbearable suffering. the steaming acceptance of active forms of Euthanasia is alarming, but we thee a bigger, more insidious threat from passive form of euthanasia. every year in hospitals and nursing homes around the country they are growing number of documented death caused by caregiver withholding life-sustaining care including food and water, from vulnerable patients who cannot speak for themselves.

while it is illegal to kill someone directly for example with a gun or a knife in many cases the law has put it stamp of approval causing death by omitting  needed care. Father many states have" living will" glass design to protect those who withhold treatment, and there have been numerous Court rulings which have improved of patient been denied care and even starved and dehydrated to death. Because such that occur quietly within the confines of hospitals and nursing homes they can be kept hidden from the public. Most of Euthanasia victima are old or very ill, so their deaths might be attributed to a cause other than their denial of care that really killed them for the it is of 10 relatives of the patient who requested that care be withheld. in 14 case the court held that decision 2 week old life-sustaining care may be made not only by close family member but also by number of third parties and that such decision need not to be reviewed by the judicial system if there is no disagreement between decision makers and medical staff. the court went so far as to rule that a Nursing Home may not refuse to participate in the fatal withdrawal of food and water from an incompetent patient!

"Extra ordinary" or" heroice" treatment need not to be used when the chance for recovery is poor and medical intervention would serve only to prolong the dying process. but to deny customary and reasonable care or to deliberately starve or dehydrated someone because he or she is very old are very in should not be permitted. most of the cases coming before the courts do not involve withholding heroine measures from eminently dying people but rather than seek approval for dinner in basic care such as administration of food and water to people who are not elderly or terminally ill but who are permanently incapacitated. this people could be expected to live indefinitely, though in an impared states, if they were given food and water and mineral treatment no one has the right to judge that and others life is not worth living the basic right to life should not to be abridged because someone decides that someone else quality of life is too low. If we paste the right to life on quality of life standards, there is no logical place to draw the line to protect vulnerable patients we must poster more positive attitude towards people with serious in incapacitating illness and conditions. Despite the ravages of their diseases, they are still our fellow human beings and deserve our care and respect. We must also in Act positive legislation that will protect vulnerable people from those who

considered their lives meaning less or too costly to maintain and how old was their death by withholding life-sustaining care such as food and water.
1. why author finds starvation and dehydration induced euthanasia is to be "more Insidious"?
2. What is meant by word Euthanasia?
3. When need not be to used" extra ordinary" or "heroic" treatment.
4. What is the best synonym for Insidious?
a. Mischievous
b. Treacherous
c. Seductive
d. Apparent
e. Cumulative.
5. Give suitable title for above passage

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below.

The new year is the time for resolution. Mentally; at least most of us gold compile for midable list of do's and don'ts. The same old favorites recur year in and year out with the children, do a thousand and one job about the house, be nice to people we don't like, drive carefully, and take the dog for a walk everyday. Past experience has taught us that certain accomplishment are beyond attainment. If we remain deep rooted liars, it is only because we have CEO of 10 experienced that frustration that results from failure.

Most offers sale in our efforts at self improvement because our schemes are too ambitious and we never have time to carry them out. We also make the fundamental error of announcing our resolution to everybody so that we look even more foolish when we sleep back into our bad old way. Aware of this pitfalls, this year I attempted to keep my resolution to myself. I Limited myself 2 modest ambitions, to do physical exercise every morning and to read more in the evening. An overnight party on New Year eve provide me with a good excuse for not carrying out other of this new resolution on the first day of the year, but on the second, I applied myself assiduously to the task.

The daily exercise lasted only 11 minutes and I propose to do them early in the morning before anyone had got up. The self discipline required to drag myself out of bed 11 minutes earlier than usual watch considerable. Nevertheless, I manage to Creep down into the living room for two days before anyone found me out. After jumping about in the carpet and twisted the human frame into an comfortable position. I sat down at the breakfast table in an exhausted condition. It was this that betrayed me. The next morning the whole family

proved in to watch the performance. That was really unsettling but I sended of the terms and jeeps of the family good humoeedly and soon everybody got used to the idea. However my enthusiasm waned, the time I spent at exercise gradually diminished. Little by little the 11 minutes fell to zero. Buy January 10th I was back to where I had started from. I argued that if I spend less time exhausting myself at exercises in the morning. I hold keep my mind fresh for reading when I got home from work. Resisting the Hypnotizing effect of television, I sat in my room for a few evening with my eyes glued to a book. One night, however, felling cold and lonely, I went downstairs and set in front of the television pretending to read. That provide to be my undoing, Fortune got back to the old habit habit of dozing off in front of the screen. I still haven't given up my resolution to do more reading. In fact I have just bought a book entitled 'How to read a Thousand Words per minute'. Perhaps it will solve problem, but I just have not had time to read it.

  1. Why most of us fail in our efforts for self improvement?
  2. Why is it a basic mistake to announce our resolution to everybody?
  3.  Why did the writer not carry out his resolution on New Year's day.
  4. Find out the word in the above passage which convey the similar meaning to the following a. Overwhelming b. Drawbacks
  5.  Give suitable title for passage.

Read the following passage and answer the questions below
It is time we looked at the latent causes. Where does the strength of India lie? Not in numbers ,not necessarily in our moral stands on international issues. In modern times ,the strength of a nation lies in its achievement in science and technology. This is not to say that the other fields do not count.
In the five decades after independence ,we have yet to demonstrate our originality in applied science and technology. Though Japan also started like us ,by cultivating the technology of the west ,the Japanese adapted ,improved and displayed originality in ,several areas of science and technology. The generation which was at the helm of affairs in science and technology in our country after independence mostly consisted of self-seekers .By and large the science and technology managers in India concentrated on gaining power and influence. They loved publicity. Most of them stopped doing science while they managed science. Things would have been better ,had they been humble enough to acknowledge the difference between doing and managing science. Instead , they claimed that they were the foremost in science and technology , simply because they were at the helm of affairs. As a result they ceased to inspire the younger a lot. India continues to be the borrower of science and technology, even though its potential for originality is substantial.
Our achievement in nuclear science and technology may be dazzling to our people. But , in worth and originality they are ordinary and routine. While our own people remain ignorant , the people of other countries know all about the pretensions to knowledge of our nuclear science and technology managers. The veil of secrecy over nuclear deals does not allow any investigations into misdeeds of the people who sabotage good and sincere efforts. The ones at the helm of affairs do make every endeavour to sabotage any genuine efforts ,least they might not get the continued funding if the actual objective is accomplished. International bodies came in as handy tools in this subtle process. The talk of national security comes as an easy weapon to prevent any probe into mismanagement .On nuclear matters ,the media in our country, by and large, avoid the investigative approach. As a result , the mismatch between promise and performance in the nuclear field does not get exposed as much as that in other fields.

1. What , according to the passage , is the criterion to decide the strength of the country ? (1)

2. What is common between the scientists of Japan and India?(1)

3. What does the author mean by doing science ? (1)

4. Pick out the words that is nearest in meaning as the words underlined in the passage. (2)
i) shortcomings ii) claims iii) apathy iv) access
v) permissiveness
b) Managed
i) conducted ii) organized iii) trained iv) managed
v) maneuvered

5. Pick out the word which is furthest in meaning to the words underlined : (2)
a) Dazzling
i) lustrous ii) glaring iii) unnoticeable iv) unexposable v) unscrupulous
b) Substantial
i) insignificance ii) extensive iii) independent iv) noteworthy v)uncompromising

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