#### Topics

##### Number Systems

##### Real Numbers

##### Algebra

##### Polynomials

##### Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

- Linear Equation in Two Variables
- Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations
- Substitution Method
- Elimination Method
- Cross - Multiplication Method
- Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- Consistency of Pair of Linear Equations
- Inconsistency of Pair of Linear Equations
- Algebraic Conditions for Number of Solutions
- Simple Situational Problems
- Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- Relation Between Co-efficient

##### Quadratic Equations

- Quadratic Equations
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
- Nature of Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- Relationship Between Discriminant and Nature of Roots
- Situational Problems Based on Quadratic Equations Related to Day to Day Activities to Be Incorporated
- Application of Quadratic Equation

##### Arithmetic Progressions

##### Coordinate Geometry

##### Lines (In Two-dimensions)

##### Constructions

- Division of a Line Segment
- Construction of Tangents to a Circle
- Constructions Examples and Solutions

##### Geometry

##### Triangles

- Similar Figures
- Similarity of Triangles
- Basic Proportionality Theorem (Thales Theorem)
- Criteria for Similarity of Triangles
- Areas of Similar Triangles
- Right-angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property
- Similarity of Triangles
- Application of Pythagoras Theorem in Acute Angle and Obtuse Angle
- Triangles Examples and Solutions
- Angle Bisector
- Similarity of Triangles
- Ratio of Sides of Triangle

##### Circles

- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles
- Tangent to a Circle
- Number of Tangents from a Point on a Circle
- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles

##### Trigonometry

##### Introduction to Trigonometry

- Trigonometry
- Trigonometry
- Trigonometric Ratios
- Trigonometric Ratios and Its Reciprocal
- Trigonometric Ratios of Some Special Angles
- Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles
- Trigonometric Identities
- Proof of Existence
- Relationships Between the Ratios

##### Trigonometric Identities

##### Some Applications of Trigonometry

##### Mensuration

##### Areas Related to Circles

- Perimeter and Area of a Circle - A Review
- Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle
- Areas of Combinations of Plane Figures
- Circumference of a Circle
- Area of Circle

##### Surface Areas and Volumes

- Surface Area of a Combination of Solids
- Volume of a Combination of Solids
- Conversion of Solid from One Shape to Another
- Frustum of a Cone
- Concept of Surface Area, Volume, and Capacity
- Surface Area and Volume of Different Combination of Solid Figures
- Surface Area and Volume of Three Dimensional Figures

##### Statistics and Probability

##### Statistics

##### Probability

##### Internal Assessment

## Formula

Sum of first n terms of an `"AP": "S" =(n/2)[2a + (n- 1)d]` The sum of n terms is also equal to the formula where l is the last term.

## Notes

Arithmetic Progression a, a + d, a + 2d, a + 3d, . . . . . . . . . . . . a +(n - 1)d

In this progression a is the first term and d is the common difference. Let’s write the sum of first n terms as Sn.

Sn = [a] + [a + d] + . . . + [a+(n-2)d] + [a+(n-1)d] ..........(eq1)

Reversing the terms and rewritting the expression again,

Sn = [a+(n-1)d] + [a+(n-2)d] + . . . + [a + d ] + [a] ........(eq2)

On adding eq1 and eq2

2Sn = [a+a+(n-1)d] + [a + d+a+(n-2)d]+ . . . + [a+(n-2)d+ a + d]+ [a+(n-1)d+a]

2Sn = [2a+(n-1)d] + [2a+(n-1)d] + . . . + [2a+(n-1)d] . . . n times.

∴2Sn = n [2a+(n-1)d]

∴Sn = n/2 [2a+(n-1)d]

Ex. Let’s find the sum of first 100 terms of A.P. 14, 16, 18, . . . .

Here a= 14, d = 2, n = 100

`Sn = n/2 [2a+(n-1)d]`

`S100= 100/2 [2× 14+ (100-1)2]`

`S100= 50 [28 + (99)2]`

`S100= 50 [28 + 198]`

`S100= 50 [226]`

`S100= 11300`

∴ Sum of first 100 terms of given A.P. is 11,300