The diagram of an given below demonstrates a particular process in plants. Study the same and answer the questions that follow :
(i) Name the apparatus.
(ii) Which phenomenon is demonstrated by this apparatus?
(iii) Explain the phenomenon mentioned in (ii) above.
(iv) State two limitations of using this apparatus.
(v) What is the importance of the air bubble in the experiment?
(vi) Name the structures in a plant through which the above process takes place.
A thin strip of epidermal cells from the fleshy scales of an onion bulb was examined in a drop of water, under a microscope. All the epidermal cells looked alike and the figure alongside represents one of them. The thin strip was then transferred to a drop of strong sugar solution and re-examined under the microscope after about five minutes.
(i) Make a sketch of one of the epidermal cells, as it might appear after immersion in a strong sugar solution. Label any two parts which have undergone a change.
(ii) Give the scientific term for the change shown in Q.(i) above.
(iii) What would you do to bring this cell back to its original condition?
(iv) Give the scientific term used for the recovery of the cell as a result of the step taken in Q.(iii) above.
A thin strip of epidermal cells of a leaf was observed in a drop of water. They all looked turgid and normal.
(a) Draw a diagram of such a cell.
(b) Draw a diagram of a cell if this strip is transferred to a strong concentrated solution of sugar. What is term used for the effect on the cells ?
Match the items in column I with those in column II
|Column I||Column II|
|a||Xylem||() semi - permeable|
|c||Cell membrane||(3) downward flow of sap|
|d||Root pressure||(4) upward flow of water|
|e||Cell wall||(5) guttation|
(a) Mention whether the following statement is true or false
(b) Correct the false statement by altering the last word only.
Cells that have lost their water content are said to be deplasmolysed.