Reproductive health means a total well being in all aspects of reproductive i.e. physical emotional, social and behavioural.
Sexually transmitted disease (STDs):-
-Many disease can be sexually transmitted such as:
(i) Bacterial: Gonorrhoea and syphilis
(ii) Viral: Warts and HIV- AIDS
-Use of condom prevents these infections to some extent.
-Contraception: It is the avoidance of pregnancy, can be achieved by preventing the fertilisation of ova.
Methods of contraception
(i) Physical barrier:
-To prevent union of egg and sperm
-Use of condoms, cervical caps and diaphragm.
(ii) Chemical methods:
-Use of oral pills
-These change hormonal balance of body so that eggs are not released
-May have side effects
(iii)Intrauterine contraceptive device. (IUCD)
-Copper – T or loop is placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy
-In males the vas deferens is blocked to prevent sperm transfer called vasectomy.
-In females the fallopian tube is blocked to prevent egg transfer called tubectomy.
-The practice of killing a female child inside the womb is called female foeticide
-For a healthy society, a balanced sex ratio is needed that can be achieved by educating people to avoid malpractices like female foeticide and prenatal sex determination.
-Pernatal sex determination is a legal offence in our country so as to maintain a balanced sex ratio.