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Refraction of Light - Image Formation by Lenses - Convex Lens

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IMAGE FORMATION BY CONVEX LENS

There are six possibilities of position of object in the case of convex lens:

  • Object at infinity
  • Object beyond centre of curvature, C
  • Object at centre of curvature, C
  • Object between centre of curvature, C and principal focus, F
  • Object at principal focus, F
  • Object between principal focus, F and optical centre, O

Object at infinity:

Convex lens converge parallel rays coming from objet at infinity and a highly diminished - point sized, real and inverted image is formed at principal focus F2.

Image is highly diminished, real and inverted.

Object beyond centre of curvature, C1 or 2F1:

A diminished, real and inverted image is formed between principal focus, F2 and centre of curvature, C2 at the opposite side when an object is placed beyond C1 of a convex lens.

Image is diminished, real and inverted.

Object at centre of curvature, C1 or 2F1:

A same sized, real and inverted image is formed at centre of curvature, C2 when object is placed at centre of curvature, C1 of a convex lens.

Image is same size as object, real and inverted.

Object between centre of curvature, C1 and principal focus, F1:

An enlarged, real and inverted image is formed beyond centre of curvature, C2 when an object is placed between centre of curvature, C1 and principal focus, F1 of a convex lens.

Image is enlarged, real and inverted.

Object at principal focus, F1:

An infinitely large, real and inverted image is formed at infinity when object is placed at principal focus, F1 of a convex lens.

Image is highly enlarged, real and inverted.

Between principal focus, F1 and optical centre, O:

A virtual, erect and enlarged image is formed at the same side of lens, when an object is placed between principal focus, F1 and optical centre, O of a convex lens.

Image is enlarged, virtual and erect.

Shaalaa.com | Light Reflection and Refraction part 15 (Lens image formation)

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Light Reflection and Refraction part 15 (Lens image formation) [00:14:12]
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