Linear Equations in Two Variables
Introduction to Euclid’S Geometry
Lines and Angles
- Concept of Quadrilaterals - Sides, Adjacent Sides, Opposite Sides, Angle, Adjacent Angles and Opposite Angles
- Angle Sum Property of a Quadrilateral
- Types of Quadrilaterals
- Another Condition for a Quadrilateral to Be a Parallelogram
- The Mid-point Theorem
- Property: The Opposite Sides of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Length.
- Theorem: A Diagonal of a Parallelogram Divides It into Two Congruent Triangles.
- Theorem : If Each Pair of Opposite Sides of a Quadrilateral is Equal, Then It is a Parallelogram.
- Property: The Opposite Angles of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Measure.
- Theorem: If in a Quadrilateral, Each Pair of Opposite Angles is Equal, Then It is a Parallelogram.
- Property: The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. (at the point of their intersection)
- Theorem : If the Diagonals of a Quadrilateral Bisect Each Other, Then It is a Parallelogram
- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles
- Angle Subtended by a Chord at a Point
- Perpendicular from the Centre to a Chord
- Circles Passing Through One, Two, Three Points
- Equal Chords and Their Distances from the Centre
- Angle Subtended by an Arc of a Circle
- Cyclic Quadrilateral
Areas - Heron’S Formula
Surface Areas and Volumes
Statistics and Probability
The likelihood of something happening is called the probability.
Terms related to probability:
Experiment : An activity which produces an outcome or result is called an experiment.
random Experiment : An Experiment in which exact outcome cannot be predicted in advance.
1) rolling a dice
2) Drawing a card from well-shuffled pack of playing cards
3) Tossing a coin
Trial : Performing an experiment is called a trial.
Event : Each possible outcomes of an experiment is called event.
Probability of an event : In a random experiment if 'n' is the total number of trials, then the empirical probability of the event E is P(E).
`"Number of trials happened in which event happened" / " Total number of trials"`
i.e. P(E) =`"Number of trials happened in which event happened" / n `
The Probability of an event lies between 0 and 1 (0 and 1 inclusive).
Shaalaa.com | Probability Experimental Approach
Eleven bags of wheat flour, each marked 5 kg, actually contained the following weights of flour (in kg):- 4.97, 5.05, 5.08, 5.03, 5.00, 5.06, 5.08, 4.98, 5.04, 5.07, 5.00
Find the probability that any of these bags chosen at random contains more than 5 kg of flour.
A coin is tossed 1000 times with the following frequencies:
Head: 455, Tail: 545
Compute the probability for each event.
Two coins are tossed simultaneously 500 times with the following frequencies of different outcomes:
Two heads: 95 times
One tail: 290 times
No head: 115 times
Find the probability of occurrence of each of these events.
Three coins are tossed simultaneously 100 times with the following frequencies of different outcomes:
|Outcome:||No head||One head||Two heads||Three heads|
If the three coins are simultaneously tossed again, compute the probability of:
(i) 2 heads coming up.
(ii) 3 heads coming up.
(iii) at least one head coming up.
(iv) getting more heads than tails.
(v) getting more tails than heads.