#### Topics

##### Linear equations in two variables

- Linear Equation in Two Variables
- Simultaneous Linear Equations
- Elimination Method
- Substitution Method
- Cross - Multiplication Method
- Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations
- Determinant of Order Two
- Cramer’s Rule
- Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- Simple Situational Problems
- Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

##### Quadratic Equations

- Quadratic Equations
- Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
- Formula for Solving a Quadratic Equation
- Nature of Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- The Relation Between Roots of the Quadratic Equation and Coefficients
- To Obtain a Quadratic Equation Having Given Roots
- Application of Quadratic Equation

##### Arithmetic Progression

- Introduction to Sequence
- Terms in a sequence
- Arithmetic Progression
- General Term of an Arithmetic Progression
- Sum of First ‘n’ Terms of an Arithmetic Progressions
- Arithmetic Progressions Examples and Solutions
- Geometric Progression
- General Term of an Geomatric Progression
- Sum of the First 'N' Terms of an Geometric Progression
- Geometric Mean
- Arithmetic Mean - Raw Data
- Concept of Ratio

##### Financial Planning

##### Probability

- Probability - A Theoretical Approach
- Basic Ideas of Probability
- Random Experiments
- Outcome
- Equally Likely Outcomes
- Sample Space
- Event and Its Types
- Probability of an Event
- Type of Event - Elementry
- Type of Event - Complementry
- Type of Event - Exclusive
- Type of Event - Exhaustive
- Concept Or Properties of Probability
- Addition Theorem

##### Statistics

- Tabulation of Data
- Inclusive and Exclusive Type of Tables
- Ogives (Cumulative Frequency Graphs)
- Applications of Ogives in Determination of Median
- Relation Between Measures of Central Tendency
- Introduction to Normal Distribution
- Properties of Normal Distribution
- Concepts of Statistics
- Mean of Grouped Data
- Method of Finding Mean for Grouped Data: Direct Method
- Method of Finding Mean for Grouped Data: Deviation Or Assumed Mean Method
- Method of Finding Mean for Grouped Data: the Step Deviation Method
- Median of Grouped Data
- Mode of Grouped Data
- Concept of Pictograph
- Presentation of Data
- Graphical Representation of Data as Histograms
- Frequency Polygon
- Concept of Pie Graph (Or a Circle-graph)
- Interpretation of Pie Diagram
- Drawing a Pie Graph

## Notes

Example : Consider the marks obtained by 10 students in a mathematics test as given below:

55 36 95 73 60 42 25 78 75 62

The data in this form is called raw data.

So let us arrange the marks in ascending order as

25 36 42 55 60 62 73 75 78 95

Now, we can clearly see that the lowest marks are 25 and the highest marks are 95.

The difference of the highest and the lowest values in the data is called the range of the data. So, the range in this case is 95 – 25 = 70.

Presentation of data in ascending or descending order can be quite time consuming, particularly when the number of observations in an experiment is large.

The frequency is the number of times a particular data point occurs in the set of data. A frequency distribution is a table that list each data point and its frequency. Ungrouped data is data given as individual data points.Grouped data is data given in class intervals.

#### Shaalaa.com | Presentation of Data

#### Related QuestionsVIEW ALL [47]

The distance (in km) of 40 engineers from their residence to their place of work were found as follows:-

5 | 3 | 10 | 20 | 25 | 11 | 13 | 7 | 12 | 31 |

19 | 10 | 12 | 17 | 18 | 11 | 32 | 17 | 16 | 2 |

7 | 9 | 7 | 8 | 3 | 5 | 12 | 15 | 18 | 3 |

12 | 14 | 2 | 9 | 6 | 15 | 15 | 7 | 6 | 12 |

Construct a grouped frequency distribution table with class size 5 for the data given above taking the first interval as 0-5 (5 not included). What main features do you observe from this tabular representation?

Given below is a cumulative frequency distribution table showing the ages of people living in a locality:

Ace in years | No. of persons |

Above 108 | 0 |

Above 96 | 1 |

Above 84 | 3 |

Above 72 | 5 |

Above 60 | 20 |

Above 48 | 158 |

Above 36 | 427 |

Above 24 | 809 |

Above 12 | 1026 |

Above 0 | 1124 |

Prepare a frequency distribution table

A study was conducted to find out the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the air in parts per million (ppm) of a certain city. The data obtained for 30 days is as follows:-

0.03 | 0.08 | 0.08 | 0.09 | 0.04 | 0.17 |

0.16 | 0.05 | 0.02 | 0.06 | 0.18 | 0.20 |

0.11 | 0.08 | 0.12 | 0.13 | 0.22 | 0.07 |

0.08 | 0.01 | 0.10 | 0.06 | 0.09 | 0.18 |

0.11 | 0.07 | 0.05 | 0.07 | 0.01 | 0.04 |

(i) Make a grouped frequency distribution table for this data with class intervals as 0.00 - 0.04, 0.04 - 0.08, and so on.

(ii) For how many days, was the concentration of sulphur dioxide more than 0.11 parts per million?