Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10

Population

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Topics

  • Population
  • What is Demography?
  • Census

Notes

Population 

  • People are critical to the development of the economy and society. People create and consume resources, and are themselves resources with varying quality.  
  • Coal was just a piece of rock until people invented technology to extract it and turn it into a resource. The natural incident, such as a flood or a Tsunami, become a 'disaster' only when they affect a densely populated village or town.
  • As a result, the population is the most important element of social studies. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and derives significance and meaning.
  • 'Resources,' 'calamities,' and 'disasters' all have meaning only in relation to humans. Their numbers, distribution, growth, and characteristics or qualities provide the foundation for understanding and appreciating all aspects of the environment.
  • Human beings are both producers and consumers of the earth's resources. As a result, it is critical to understand how many people live in a country, where they live, how and why their numbers are increasing, and what characteristics they possess. The census of India gives us information about our country's population.
  • We are primarily concerned with three major questions about population:
    a. Population size and distribution: How many people are there and where are they located?
    b. Population growth and processes of population change: How has the population grown and changed through time?
    c. Characteristics or qualities of the population: What are their age, sex composition, literacy levels, occupational structure and health conditions?
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