India and the Contemporary World - 1
The French Revolution
Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
Forest Society and Colonialism
Pastoralists in the Modern World
Contemporary India - 1
India – Size and Location
Physical Features of India
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Democratic Politics - 1
What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
Working of Institutions
The Story of Village Palampur
People as Resource
Poverty as a Challenge
Food Security in India
- Political and Permanent Executive
- Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
- Powers of the Prime Minister
- The President
If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decisions can you take on your own?
(a) Select the person you like as Prime Minister.
(b) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.
(c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.
(d) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.
Who among the following is a part of the political executive?
(a) District Collector
(b) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs
(c) Home Minister
(d) Director General of Police
Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:
(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.
(i) Ministry of Defence
(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.
(ii) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution
(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.
(iii) Ministry of Health
(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.
(iv) Ministry of Commerce and Industry
(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.
(v) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.
Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people?Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.
(a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.
(b) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.
(c) Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.
(d) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.
Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?
Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
(a) Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens.
(b) Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.