#### Topics

##### Sets, Relations, and Functions

- Introduction to Sets, Relations and Functions
- Sets and Their Representations
- Types of Sets
- Empty Set (Null or Void Set)
- Finite and Infinite Sets
- Equal Sets
- Subsets
- Power Set
- Universal Set
- Venn Diagrams
- Operations on Sets
- Union of Sets
- Intersection of Sets
- Disjoint Sets
- Difference of Sets
- Complement of a Set
- Cardinal Number of Sets
- Practical Problems on Union and Intersection of Two Sets
- Cartesian Product of Sets
- Concept of Relation
- Types of Relations
- Concept of Functions
- Types of Functions
- Algebra of Real Functions
- Algebraic Operations on Functions

##### Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

- Introduction of Complex Number
- Concept of Complex Numbers
- Complex Numbers as Ordered Pairs of Reals
- Representation of Complex Numbers
- Argand Plane and Polar Representation
- Algebraic Operations of Complex Numbers
- Properties of Conjugate, Modulus and Argument (or Amplitude) of Complex Numbers
- Square Root of a Complex Number
- Triangle Inequality
- Integral Powers of Iota
- Rotational Theorem of Complex Number
- Cube Root of Unity
- Geometry of Complex Numbers
- Demoiver's Theorem
- Powers of Complex Numbers
- Quadratic Equations
- Sum and Product of Root
- Nature of Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- Relation Between Coefficients and Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- Formation of a Quadratic Equation with Given Roots
- Application of Quadratic Equation
- Condition for Common Roots
- Maximum and Minimum Value of Quadratic Equation
- Quadratic Expression in Two Variables
- Solution of Quadratic Inequalities

##### Matrices and Determinants

- Introduction to Matrices and Determinants
- Matrices
- Algebraic Operations on Matrices
- Addition of Matrices
- Multiplication of a Matrix by a Scalar
- Properties of Matrix Addition
- Properties of Scalar Multiplication of a Matrix
- Multiplication of Matrices
- Properties of Multiplication of Matrices
- Types of Matrices
- Determinants
- Order of a Matrix
- Properties of Determinants
- Evaluation of Determinants
- Area of a Triangle Using Determinants
- Adjoint of a Matrix
- Inverse of Matrix
- Inverse of a Matrix by Elementary Transformation
- Inverse of a Square Matrix by the Adjoint Method
- Test of Consistency
- Applications of Determinants and Matrices
- Subtraction of Matrices
- Transpose of a Matrix
- Symmetric and Skew Symmetric Matrices
- Multiplication of Two Determinants
- Minors and Co-factors
- Some Special Cases of Matrix
- Rank of a Matrix

##### Permutations and Combinations

##### Mathematical Inductions

##### Binomial Theorem and Its Simple Applications

- Introduction of Binomial Theorem
- Binomial Theorem for Positive Integral Indices
- General and Middle Terms
- Properties of Binomial Coefficient with Simple Application
- Expansion of Binomial
- Coefficient of Any Power of 'X'
- Greatest Term
- Independent Term
- Particular Term from End in Binomial Expansion
- Greatest Binomial Coefficients
- Number of Terms in the Expansion of (x + y + z)n
- Multinomial Theorem
- Infinite Series
- Binomial Theorem for Any Index (Without Proof)

##### Sequence and Series

- Sequence and Series
- Introduction of Sequence and Series
- Relation Between Arithmetic Mean (A.M.), Geometric Mean (G.M.), Harmonic Mean (H.M.)
- Arithmetico-geometric Sequence
- Arithmetic Progression (A.P.)
- Geometric Progression (G. P.)
- Harmonic Progression (H. P.)
- Insertion of Arithmetic
- Inserting Two or More Geometric Means Between Any Two Numbers
- Sum to N Terms of Special Series
- Arithmetico-Geometric Progression
- Some Special Sequences

##### Limit, Continuity, and Differentiability

- Concept of Limits
- Real-Valued Functions
- Limits by Factorisation, Substitution and Rationalisation
- Algebra of Limits
- Limits of Polynomials and Rational Functions
- Limits of Logarithmic Functions
- Limits of Exponential Functions
- Limits of Trigonometric Functions
- Inverse Functions
- Graphs of Simple Functions
- Concept of Continuity
- Concept of Differentiability
- Differentiation of the Sum, Difference, Product, and Quotient of Two Functions
- Derivatives of Composite Functions - Chain Rule
- Derivatives of Trigonometric Functions
- Derivatives of Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Derivative of Logarithmic Functions
- Derivatives of Exponential Functions
- Derivative of Composite Functions
- Derivatives of Implicit Functions
- Derivatives of Functions in Parametric Forms
- Second Order Derivative
- Mean Value Theorem
- Simple Problems on Applications of Derivatives
- Rate of Change of Bodies or Quantities
- Increasing and Decreasing Functions
- Maxima and Minima
- Tangents and Normals
- Limits Using L-hospital's Rule
- Evaluation of Limits
- Infinite Series
- Successive Differentiation
- nth Derivative of Standard Functions
- Algebra of Derivative (Leibnitz or Product Rule)
- Rolle's Theorem
- Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem (LMVT)
- Approximations

##### Integral Calculas

- Integration
- Integration as an Inverse Process of Differentiation
- Fundamental Integrals Involving Algebraic Functions
- Fundamental Integrals Involving Trigonometric Functions
- Fundamental Integrals Involving Exponential Functions
- Fundamental Integrals Involving Logarithms Functions
- Methods of Integration: Integration by Substitution
- Methods of Integration: Integration by Parts
- Methods of Integration: Integration Using Partial Fractions
- Integration Using Trigonometric Identities
- Integrals of Some Particular Functions
- Definite Integral as the Limit of a Sum
- Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
- Properties of Definite Integrals
- Evaluation of Definite Integrals
- Area of the Region Bounded by a Curve and a Line
- Area Between Two Curves
- Area Under Simple Curves
- Integration of Some Special Irrational Algebraic Functions
- Evaluation of Definite Integrals by Substitution
- Summation of Series by Integration

##### Diffrential Equations

- Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations
- Formation of Ordinary Differential Equations
- Order and Degree of a Differential Equation
- Formation of Differential Equations
- General and Particular Solutions of a Differential Equation
- Solutions of Linear Differential Equation
- Methods of Solving First Order, First Degree Differential Equations
- Differential Equations with Variables Separable Method
- Homogeneous Differential Equations
- Linear Differential Equations
- Linear Differential Equation of First Order
- Solution by Inspection Method

##### Co-ordinate Geometry

- Brief Review of Cartesian System of Rectanglar Co-ordinates
- Distance Formula
- Section Formula
- Locus
- Equation of Locus
- Translation of Axes
- Slope of a Line
- Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
- Intercepts of a Line on the Co-ordinate Axis
- Various Forms of the Equation of a Line
- Intersection of Two Lines
- Angle Between Two Lines
- Conditions for Concurrence of Three Lines
- Distance of a Point from a Line
- Straight Lines
- Equations of Internal and External by Sectors of Angles Between Two Lines Co-ordinate of the Centroid, Orthocentre, and Circumcentre of a Triangle
- Equations of Internal and External by Sectors of Angles Between Two Lines Co-ordinate of the Centroid, Orthocentre, and Circumcentre of a Triangle
- Equation of Family of Lines Passing Through the Point of Intersection of Two Lines
- Equations of a Circle in Standard Form
- Equations of a Circle in General Form
- Equation of a Circle When the Endpoints of a Diameter Are Given
- Point of Intersection of a Line and a Circle
- General Equation of Tangents
- Conic Sections
- Parabola
- Ellipse
- Hyperbola
- Standard Equations of Parabola
- Standard Equations of an Ellipse
- Standard Equation of Hyperbola
- Condition for Y = mx + c to Be a Tangent and Point(s) of Tangency
- Results of Triangle
- Equation of Locus
- Slope of a Straight Line
- Slope of a Line Joining Two Points
- Various Forms of Equation of a Line
- Shortest Distance Between Two Lines
- Bisector of the Angle Between the Two Lines
- Perpendicular Distance of a Point from a Line
- Foot of the Perpendicular
- Position of a Point with Respect to a Line
- Pedal Points
- Pair of Straight Lines
- Circle
- Standard Equation of a Circle

##### Three Dimensional Geometry

- Three - Dimensional Geometry
- Coordinates of a Point in Space
- Distance Between Two Points
- Section Formula
- Direction Ratios
- Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line
- The Angle Between Two Intersecting Lines
- Skew Lines
- Shortest Distance Between Two Lines
- Equations of Line in Different Forms
- Equations of a Plane in Different Forms
- Intersection of the Line and Plane
- Coplanarity of Two Lines
- Angle Between Two Lines
- Projection of a Point on a Line
- Projection of a Line Segment Joining Two Points
- Equation of a Straight Line in Cartesian and Vector Form
- Condition of Parallelism and Perpendicularity of Two Lines
- Perpendicular Distance of a Point from a Line
- Distance Between Skew Lines and Parallel Lines
- Different Forms of Equation of a Plane
- Plane
- Equation of Plane Passing Through the Intersection of Two Given Planes
- Angle Between Two Planes
- Angle Between Line and a Plane
- Distance Between Two Parallel Planes
- Position of Point and Line wrt a Plane
- Projection of a Line on a Plane

##### Vector Algebra

- Introduction to Vector Algebra
- Vectors and Scalars
- Addition of Vectors
- Components of Vector
- Scalar Product and Vector Product
- Scalar Triple Product of Vectors
- Vector Triple Product
- Algebra of Vectors
- Section Formula
- Linear Dependent and Independent Vectors
- Position Vector of a Point in a Space
- Modulus of a Vector
- Collinearity of Three Points
- Coplanarity of Three Vectors and Four Points
- Vector Inequality
- Product of Two Vectors
- Scalar (Or Dot) Product of Two Vectors
- Vector (Or Cross) Product of Two Vectors
- Projection of a Vector Along Any Other Vector
- Area of a Parallelogram
- Area of a Triangle

##### Statistics and Probability

- Measures of Discretion
- Arithmetic Mean - Raw Data
- Mean of Grouped Data
- Mean of Ungrouped Data
- Concept of Median
- Median of Grouped Data
- Median of Ungrouped Data
- Concept of Mode
- Mode of Grouped Data
- Mode of Ungrouped Data
- Standard Deviation
- Variance
- Mean Deviation
- Geometric Mean
- Harmonic Mean (H.M.)
- Measures of Central Tendency - Quartile
- Quartile Deviation (Semi - Inter Quartile Range)
- Coefficient of Variation
- Probability of an Event
- Addition Theorem of Probability
- Multiplication Theorem on Probability
- Bayesâ€™ Theorem
- Random Variables and Its Probability Distributions
- Bernoulli Trials and Binomial Distribution
- Random Experiments
- Sample Space
- Event
- Mutually Exclusive Events
- Exhaustive Events
- Equally Likely Outcomes
- Odds in Favour and Against
- Boole's Inequality
- Demorgan's Law
- Independent Events
- Conditional Probability
- Probability Distribution
- Poisson Distribution

##### Trigonometry

- Trigonometric Identities
- Trigonometric Equations
- Trigonometric Functions
- Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Heights and Distances
- Circular System
- Trigonometric Ratios
- Domain and Range of Trigonometric Functions
- Trigonometric Ratios of Allied Angles
- Conditional Trigonometric Identities
- Greatest and Least Value of Trigonometric Expressions
- Solution of Trigonometric Equations (Solution in the Specified Range)
- Domain and Range of Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Principal Value of Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Intervals for Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Infinite Series of Inverse Trigonometric Functions

##### Mathematical Reasoning

- Mathematical Reasoning
- Introduction of Validating Statements
- Mathematically Acceptable Statements
- Truth Value of Statement
- Tautology, Contradiction, and Contingency
- Logical Connective
- Truth Tables
- Logical Equivalance
- Duality
- Converse, Inverse and Contrapositive of the Conditional Staternent
- Negative of a Compound Statement
- Algebra of Statements

##### Linear Inequality

##### Properties of Triangles

- Cartesian and vector equation of a plane
- Direction ratios of the normal to the plane
- One point form
- Normal form
- Intercept form
- Distance of a point from a plane
- Intersection of the line and plane

## Text

A plane is determined uniquely if any one of the following is known:

(i) the normal to the plane and its distance from the origin is given, i.e., equation of a plane in normal form.

(ii) it passes through a point and is perpendicular to a given direction.

(iii) it passes through three given non collinear points. Now we shall find vector and Cartesian equations of the planes.

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