Theorem: Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
Proof : Two parallelograms ABCD and EFCD, on the same base DC and between the same parallels AF and DC are given in following fig.
We need to prove that ar (ABCD) = ar (EFCD).
In ∆ ADE and ∆ BCF,
∠ DAE = ∠ CBF (Corresponding angles from AD || BC and transversal AF) (1)
∠ AED = ∠ BFC (Corresponding angles from ED || FC and transversal AF) (2)
Therefore, ∠ ADE = ∠ BCF (Angle sum property of a triangle) (3)
Also, AD = BC (Opposite sides of the parallelogram ABCD) (4)
So, ∆ ADE ≅ ∆ BCF [By ASA rule, using (1), (3), and (4)]
Therefore, ar (ADE) = ar (BCF) (Congruent figures have equal areas) (5)
Now, ar (ABCD) = ar (ADE) + ar (EDCB)
= ar (BCF) + ar (EDCB) [From(5)]
= ar (EFCD)
So, parallelograms ABCD and EFCD are equal in area.
Shaalaa.com | Theorem : Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
In the given figure, ABCD is parallelogram, AE ⊥ DC and CF ⊥ AD. If AB = 16 cm, AE = 8 cm and CF = 10 cm, find AD.
In the given figure, PQRS and ABRS are parallelograms and X is any point on side BR. Show that
(i) ar (PQRS) = ar (ABRS)
(ii) ar (AXS) = 1/2ar (PQRS)
In the given figure, P is a point in the interior of a parallelogram ABCD. Show that
(i) ar (APB) + ar (PCD) = 1/2ar (ABCD)
(ii) ar (APD) + ar (PBC) = ar (APB) + ar (PCD)
[Hint: Through. P, draw a line parallel to AB]
In the below fig. ABCD and AEFD are two parallelograms. Prove that
(1) PE = FQ
(2) ar (Δ APE) : ar (ΔPFA) = ar Δ(QFD) : ar (Δ PFD)
(3) ar (ΔPEA) = ar (ΔQFD)
If E, F, G and H are respectively the mid-points of the sides of a parallelogram ABCD show that ar (EFGH) = 1/2ar (ABCD)
In the following figure, ABCD is parallelogram and BC is produced to a point Q such that AD = CQ. If AQ intersect DC at P, show that
ar (BPC) = ar (DPQ).
[Hint: Join AC.]
A farmer was having a field in the form of a parallelogram PQRS. She took any point A on RS and joined it to points P and Q. In how many parts the field is divided? What are the shapes of these parts? The farmer wants to sow wheat and pulses in equal portions of the field separately. How should she do it?