FOREST AND WILDLIFE:
Forests are ‘biodiversity hotspots’. One measure of the biodiversity of an area is the number of species found there. However, the range of different life forms (bacteria, fungi, ferns, flowering plants, nematodes, insects, birds, reptiles and so on) found, is also important. One of the main aims of conservation is to try and preserve the biodiversity we have inherited.
STAKEHOLDERS OF A FOREST:-
Let us understand what stakeholders mean, by taking the example of a forest.
Stakeholders of a forest are people who are dependent or associated with it in any way, or own the forest or land.
Thus, the stakeholders of a forest can be:
-the people who live in or around forests are dependent on forest produce for various aspects of their life
-the Forest Department of the Government which owns the land and controls the resources from forests.
-the industrialists – who use various forest produce,
-the wild life and nature enthusiasts who want to conserve nature in its pristine form.
-Now if we want to save forests, we need to ensure that all stakeholders use it in a sustainable manner and do not exploit it beyond repair.