Isotopes

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Topics

  • Force, Work, Power and Energy
  • Force
    • Force
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    • Moment (Turning Effect) of a Force Or Torque
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    • Principle of Moments
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  • Refraction of Light at Plane Surfaces
    • Refraction of Light
    • Law of Refraction of Light
    • Speed of Light
    • Relationship Between Refractive Index and Speed of Light (µ = C/V)
    • Principle of Reversibility of the Path of Light
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    • Refraction of Light Through a Rectangular Glass Slab
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    • Apparent Bending of a Stick Under Water
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    • Transmission of Light from a Denser Medium (Glass Or Water) to a Rarer Medium (Air) at Different Angles of Incidence
    • Critical Angle
    • Relationship Between the Critical Angle and the Refractive Index (µ = 1/ Sin C)
    • Total Internal Reflection
    • Total Internal Reflection in a Prism
    • Use of a Total Internal Reflecting Prism in Place of a Plane Mirror
    • Consequences of Total Internal Refraction
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Heat
  • Refraction Through a Lense
  • Modern Physics
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  • Electro Magnetism
  • Calorimetry
    • Heat and Its Unit
    • Temperatures
    • Factors Affecting the Quantity of Heat Absorbed to Increase the Temperature of a Body
    • Difference Between Heat and Temperature
    • Thermal Capacity (Heat Capacity)
    • Specific Heat Capacity
    • Relationship Between the Heat Capacity and Specfic Heat Capacity
    • Specific Heat Capacity of Some Common Substances
    • Calorimetry and Calorimeter
    • Principle of Method of Mixtures (or Principle of Calorimetry)
    • Natural Phenomena and Consequences of High Specific Heat Capacity of Water
    • Some Examples of High and Low Heat Capacity
    • Change of State of Matter
    • Melting and Freezing
    • Heating Curve of Ice During Melting
    • Change in Volume on Melting
    • Effect of Pressure on the Melting Point
    • Effect of Impurities on the Melting Point
    • Concept of Boiling (Vaporization)
    • Heating Curve for Water
    • Change in Volume on Boiling
    • Effect of Pressure on the Boiling Point
    • Effect of Impurities on the Boiling Point
    • Latent Heat and Specific Latent Heat
    • Specific Latent Heat of Fusion of Ice
    • Explanation of Latent Heat of Melting on the Basis of Kinetic Model
    • Natural Consequences of High Specific Latent Heat of Fusion of Ice
  • Radioactivity
    • Structure of the Atom and Nucleus
    • Atomic Model
    • Isotopes
    • Isobars
    • Isotones or Isoneutronic
    • Radioactivity
    • Radioactivity as Emission of Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Radiations
    • Properties of Alpha Particles
    • Properties of Beta Particles
    • Properties of Gamma Radiations
    • Changes Within the Nucleus in Alpha, Beta and Gamma Emission
    • Alpha Decay (Alpha Emission)
    • Beta Decay (Beta Emission)
    • Gamma Decay (Gamma Emission)
    • Uses of Radioactive Isotopes
    • Sources of Harmful Radiations
    • Hazards of Radioactive Substances and Radiation
    • Safety Precautions While Using Nuclear Energy
    • Background Radiations
    • Nuclear Energy
    • Nuclear Fission
    • Distinction Between the Radioactive Decay and Nuclear Fission
    • Nuclear Fusion
    • Distinction Between the Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
  • Isotopes
  • Examples
  • Properties of Isotopes
  • Mass of Isotopes

Notes

Concept of isotopes:

It can be defined as the atoms of the same element, having the same atomic number but different mass numbers. Therefore, we can say that there are three isotopes of a hydrogen atom, namely protium, deuterium and tritium.

Applications of Isotopes:

An isotope of iodine is used in the treatment of goitre.

An isotope of uranium is used as a fuel in nuclear reactors.

An isotope of cobalt is used in the treatment of cancer.

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