Shaalaa.com | Matter Pure Introduction
What difference in the properties of common salt and sand would enable you to separate a mixture of these two substances ?
The given mixture contains three constituents A, B and C. The constituent A is a yellow coloured, solid element which dissolves in a liquid D. The constituent B is a blue coloured salt which is insoluble in liquid D but dissolves easily in another liquid E. The constitudent C is a liquid which is used in cooking food and forms a solid fat on hydrogenation.
(a) What do you think could (i) constituent A, and (ii) liquid D be ?
(b) What could (i) constituent B, and (ii) liquid E be ?
(c) What could liquid C be ?
(d) How will you separate the mixture containing A, B and C ?
Tincture of iodine is a mixture of two materials X and Y. The material Y has a property that its solid form can be converted directly into vapours on heating by a process called Z.
- What could X be ?
- What could Y be ?
- Name the process Z.
- Which process would you use to recover both the components X and Y from tincture of iodine ?
- Which process can be used to recover only component Y from tincture of iodine ?
A solid mixture contains four constituents P, Q, R and S. P consists of tiny grains and it is mixed with
cement for plastering the walls. Q is a white solid which is recovered on a large scale from sea water by the
process of evaporation. R is in the form of tiny particles of a material whose corrosion is called rusting. And
S is a white solid which is used in making ordinary dry cells.
- What could P, Q, R and S be ?
- How would you separate a mixture containing P, Q, R and S ?
There are three liquids A, B and C, all having different densities and different boiling points. Liquids A and C are organic in nature whereas liquid B is considered to be inorganic. When liquids A and B are put together in a container, they form a single layer. On the other hand, when, liquids B and C are mixed, they form two separate layers :
(a) Which process will you use to separate a mixture of A and B ?
(b) Which method will you use to separate a mixture of B and C ?
(c) Name the liquids which would behave like (i) A (ii) B and (iii) C.
The liquid air has three components X, Y and Z whose boiling points are : –186°C, –183°C and –196°C,
respectively. When liquid air is fed into a tall fractional distillation column from near its bottom and warmed
up slowly :
(a) Which component will be collected from near the bottom of the fraction distillation column ? Why ?
(b) Which component will be collected from the top part of the fractional distillation column ? Why ?
(c) Which component will be collected from the middle part of the fractional distillation column ? Why ?
(d) What could the component X, Y and Z be ?