Principles of treatment
We may treat an infectious disease in two ways: By killing the infectious agents By reducing the effects of the disease or reducing the symptoms We can reduce the symptoms in the following ways: By taking rest to conserve our energy so that our immune system can fight against the disease By taking medicine to reduce the common symptoms such as fever or pain and hence reducing the disease We can kill the infectious agents in our body in the following way:
- By taking medicines that can kill them such as antibiotics or antiviral medicines.
Antibiotics aren’t effective against viruses?
Antibiotics commonly work by blocking the biochemical pathways that are important for bacteria. Thus these inhibit the growth of bacteria, hamper the metabolism and kill them. Antibiotics do not work on viruses because viruses do not use the biochemical path and use host cell machinery for making proteins.
Shaalaa.com | Principle of Prevention & treatment
A doctor/nurse/health-worker is exposed to more sick people than others in the community. Find out how she/he avoids getting sick herself/himself.
Under which of the following conditions are you most likely to fall sick?
(a) when you are taking examinations.
(b) when you have travelled by bus and train for two days.
(c) when your friend is suffering from measles.
A baby is not able to tell her/his caretakers that she/he is sick. What would help us to find out
(a) that the baby is sick?
(b) what is the sickness?
Under which of the following conditions is a person most likely to fall sick?
(a) when she is recovering from malaria.
(b) when she has recovered from malaria and is taking care of someone suffering from chicken-pox.
(c) when she is on a four-day fast after recovering from malaria and is taking care of someone suffering from chicken-pox.
What are the immunisation programmes available at the nearest health centre in your locality? Which of these diseases are the major health problems in your area?
How many times did you fall ill in the last one year? What were the illnesses?
(a) Think of one change you could make in your habits in order to avoid any of /most of the above illnesses.
(b) Think of one change you would wish for in your surroundings in order to avoid any of/most of the above illnesses.