History of Mass Media - Television (Doordarshan)

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Notes

Television:  

  • Who invented the television has long been a puzzle because no one person can claim to be its sole inventor. It took place over a number of phases.
  • Since there were several inventors who sought patents, John Logie Baird and Philo Taylor Farnsworth are regarded as the two main proponents of this fantastic innovation.
  • Scottish inventor John Logie Baird is credited as the "Father of Television" and as a pioneer. 

    John Logie Baird

    Philo Taylor Farnsworth

  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first Indian President, opened the "Delhi Doordarshan Center" on September 15, 1959.
  • On May 1st, 1972, the Mumbai office of Doordarshan started broadcasting its programs.
  • The first color television was launched on August 15, 1982.
  • Private national and international channels were given authorization by the Indian government to broadcast in India in 1991.
  • Indians can now watch international events on television as a result.

Text

Bharat Ek Khoj:

  • ‘Bharat Ek Khoj’, a serial telecasted by Doordarshan has a special place in the history of Indian television serials.
  • It was based on ‘Discovery of India’, a book written by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • It was directed by Shyam Benegal.
  • This serial presented the history of India from the ancient to the modern period, throwing light on the social, cultural, and political history of respective periods.
  • It effectively portrayed many aspects of Indian history like Harappan Civilisation, Vedic history, interpretation of Ramayana and Mahabharata, Mauryan period, Turk-Afghan and Mughal invasions, Mughal period, and the contributions of Mughal emperors, Bhakti Movement, Role of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, movements of social reform and Indian struggle for independence, etc.
  • Roshan Seth, the actor who played Pandit Nehru’s role in this serial also appeared as a narrator, introducing and explaining various parts of the story by dramatizing them, using folklore and informative speeches.
  • The serial was admired in all parts of India because of the comprehensive historical perspective of Pandit Nehru and its equally comprehensive visual presentation.
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