- load, effort, mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency
Fig. shows a spade. It is being used to lift soil weighing 30N from the ground.
(a) Mark the direction of the least force on the handle necessary to keep the spade balanced.
(b) Calculate the least force on the handle necessary to keep the spade balanced (the weight of the spade is negligible).
(c) If the left hand was move towards the soil on the spade, would the force on the handle necessary to keep the soil balance the greater or less? Give a reason for your answer.
(d) To which class of lever does the spade belong?