The formula unit mass of a substance is a sum of the atomic masses of all atoms in a formula unit of a compound. Formula unit mass is calculated in the same manner as we calculate the molecular mass. The only difference is that we use the word formula unit for those substances whose constituent particles are ions. For example, sodium chloride as discussed above, has a formula unit NaCl. Its formula unit mass can be calculated as–
1 × 23 + 1 × 35.5 = 58.5 u
Example : Calculate the formula unit
mass of CaCl2.
Atomic mass of Ca
+ (2 × atomic mass of Cl)
= 40 + 2 × 35.5 = 40 + 71 = 111 u
Calculate the formula unit masses of K2CO3, given atomic masses of K = 39 u, C = 12 u, and O = 16 u.
Calculate the formula masses of the following compounds :
- Calcium chloride
- Sodium carbonate
(Given : Atomic masses : Ca = 40 u ; Cl = 35.5 u ; Na = 23 u ; C = 12 u; O = 16 u)