Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 6th Standard

Drawing a Perpendicular to a Line at a Point on the Line



  • Method using ruler and compasses
  • Method using a ruler and a set-square
  • Method using a ruler and a protractor


Perpendicular to a line through a point on it:

  • Given a line l drawn on a paper sheet and a point P lying on the line. It is easy to have perpendicular to l through P. We can simply fold the paper such that the lines on both sides of the fold overlap each other.
  • Tracing paper or any transparent paper could be better for this activity. Let us take such a paper and draw any line l on it. Let us mark a point P anywhere on l.
  • Fold the sheet such that l is reflected on itself; adjust the fold so that the crease passes through the marked point P. Open out; the crease is perpendicular to l.

A. Method using ruler and compasses:

As is the preferred practice in Geometry, the dropping of a perpendicular can be achieved through the “ruler-compasses” construction as follows :

Step 1: Given a point P on a line l.

Step 2: With P as a centre and a convenient radius, construct an arc intersecting the line l at two points A and B.

Step 3: With A and B as centers and a radius greater than APconstruct two arcs, which cut each other at Q.

Step 4: Join PQ. Then `bar"PQ"` is perpendicular to l.

We write `bar"PQ"` ⊥ l.

B. Method using a ruler and a set-square:

Step 1: A line l and a point P are given. Note that P is on line l.

Step 2: Place a ruler with one of its edges along l. Hold this firmly.

Step 3: Place a set-square with one of its edges along the already aligned edge of the ruler such that the right-angled corner is in contact with the ruler.

Step 4: Slide the set-square along the edge of the ruler until its right-angled corner coincides with P.

Step 5: Hold the set-square firmly in this position. Draw `bar"PQ"` along the edge of the set-square.

`bar"PQ"` is perpendicular to l. 

C. Method using a ruler and a protractor:

  • Draw line RS. Take point M anywhere on the line.
  • In order to draw a perpendicular through M, place the centre of the protractor on point M, as shown.
  • Mark a point N at the 90° mark on the protractor.
  • Draw a line passing through points M and N.
  • The line MN is perpendicular to line RS at M.
    Line MN ⊥ line RS.
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Perpendicular to a Line Through Point on the Line [00:02:52]
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