Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10

Conservation of Wildlife




  • Biosphere: The Biosphere Reserve is a large protected area for the conservation of wildlife, plant and animal resources, and traditional tribal life in the area.


Conservation of Wildlife

India - Biosphere Reserves and Wildlife Sancturies 

  • Many species of wildlife in India are on the verge of extinction due to poaching, pollution, and rapid deforestation for example cheetahs.
  • For the protection of wildlife and forests in India, the Government of India has established a number of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, bird sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves.

The Indian Board for Wildlife (IBWL) 

  • The Indian Board for Wildlife (IBWL) was established in 1952 to advise the government on wildlife protection, conservation, and management.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act was enacted by the Government of India in 1972 with the goal of effectively protecting the country's wild life and controlling poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade in wildlife and its diversity.
  • A network of 102 National Parks and approximately 515 Wildlife Sanctuaries have been established across the country to preserve the country's rich and diverse wildlife.

Biosphere Reserves 

  • Biosphere reserves are protected areas of land coastal environments.
  • The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India to protect large areas of natural habitat, which frequently include a few National Parks with buffer zones open to some economic uses.

Biosphere Reserves in India 

  • Twelve of the eighteen biosphere reserves (Gulf of Mannar, Nandadevi, the Nilgiris, Nokrek, Pachmarhi, Simlipal, Sundarbans Agasthiyamalai, Great Nicobar, Kanjanjunga, Panna and Amarkantak) of India fall under the list of Man and Biosphere program of UNESCO.


Do you know?

Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in 1972 in India.


Do you know? 

Project Tiger was launched in April 1973 with the aim to conserve tiger population in specifically constituted “Tiger Reserves” in India.

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