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  • Importance of pH in Everyday Life

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CONCEPT OF pH SCALE:-

In pH scale ‘p’ stands for ‘potenz’. Potenz is a German word which means ‘power’ or ‘potential’. Here; ‘H’ stands for hydrogen ion. Thus, pH means the potential of hydrogen or power of hydrogen.

The strength of acid or base depends upon the hydrogen ion concentration. If the concentration of hydrogen ion is greater than hydroxide ion, the solution is called acidic. If the concentration of hydrogen ion is smaller than the hydroxide ion, the solution is called basic. If the concentration of hydrogen ion is equal to the concentration of hydroxide ion, the solution is called neutral solution.

pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.

 

The pH scale usually ranges from 0 to 14. Aqueous solution at 25°C with a pH less than 7 are acidic while those with a pH greater than 7 are basic or alkaline. A pH level of 7.0 at 25°C is defined as ‘Neutral’

Shaalaa.com | Acids, Bases and Salts - Chemistry pH of substances

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