Sources of Finance for a Joint Stock Company
- Types of Shares - Preference Shares Equity Shares
- Finance for a Joint Stock Company - Bonus Shares
- Finance for a Joint Stock Company - Rights Issue
- Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)
- Sweat Equity Shares
- Retained Earnings
- Long-term Sources of Funds
- Meaning and Concept of Debentures
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Debentures
- Distinction Between Shares and Debentures
- Loans from Commercial Banks and Financial Institutions
- Loans from Commercial Banks and Financial Institutions - Advantages and Disadvantages
- Different Types of Short Term Financial Assistance by Commercial Banks
- Short-term Sources of Funds - Public Deposits
- Short-term Sources of Funds - Trade Credit
- Short-term Sources of Funds - Factoring
- Inter Corporate Deposits and Installment Credit
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Sources of Funds
Banking - Latest Trends
- Concept of Online Services
- Transfer of Funds Through Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)
- Banking Services with Particular Reference - National Electronic Fund Transfer
- Issue of Demand Drafts Online
- Online Payments, E-banking
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Payments, E-banking
- Mobile Banking
- Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Banking
- Debit Cards Vs Credit Cards, ATM (Automated Teller Machine)
- Differences Between Debit Card and Credit Card
Nature of Management – Science, Art and Profession
Importance of Management
Principles of Management
Functions of Management
- Management Functions
- Concept of Planning
- Limitation of Planning
- Objective of Single Use and Standing Plans
- Strategy of Single Use and Standing Plans
- Policy of Single Use and Standing Plans
- Single Use and Standing Plans - Method Rule
- Budget and Programme
- Concept of Organising
- Merits and Demerits of Organising
- Structure of Organisation
- Concept of Line
- Concept of Line and Staff
- Concept of Delegation
- Comparison Between Delegation and Decentralization
- Concept of Staffing
- Importance of Staffing
- Staffing - Recruitment Process
- Staffing - Selection Process
- Difference Between Selection and Recruitment
- Concept of Training and Development
- Types of Training
- Methods of Training
- Concept of Directing
- Importance of Directing
- Concept of Supervision
- Function of a Supervisor
- Concept of Motivation
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
- Concept of Leadership
- Leadership - Qualities of a Good Leader
- Concept of Communication
- Barriers to Effective Communication
- How to Overcome the Barriers
- Concept of Controlling
- Importance of Controlling
- Relationship Between Planning and Controlling
- Management by Exception
- Concept of Coordination
- Coordination as an Essence of Management
Marketing: Concept and Functions
Line: A line is a geometric figure that consists of an infinite number of points lined up straight that extend in both directions forever.
Collinear points: If three or more points lie on the same line, they are called collinear points.
Non-collinear points: If three or more points don't lie on the same line, they are called Non-collinear points.
A line is a geometric figure that consists of an infinite number of points lined up straight that extend in both directions forever.
A line has no endpoints on either side.
A line is one-dimensional. That is, a line has length, but no width or height.
A line is uniquely determined by two points.
- The line passing through the points A and B is denoted by `
Sometimes small letters l, m, n, etc. will be used to denote lines.
One and only one line can be drawn through any two distinct points.
If three or more points lie on the same line, they are called collinear points.
Points not on the same line are the non-collinear points.
An infinite number of lines can be drawn through one point.
When two or more lines pass through the same point, they are called concurrent lines, and the common point through which they pass is called their point of concurrence.