(i) Absorption of light energy by chlorophyll.
(ii) Conversion of light energy to chemical energy and splitting of water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen.
(iii) Reduction of carbon dioxide to carbohydrates.
Water used in photosynthesis is taken up from the soil by the roots in terrestrial plants. Other materials like nitrogen, phosphorus, iron and magnesium are taken up from the soil. Nitrogen is an essential element used in the synthesis of proteins and other compounds.
Stomata are tiny pores present on the surface of the leaves.
Stomata does the exchange of large amounts of gases (O2/CO2)
Stomata is responsible
large amounts of water is lost through the stomata,
The opening and closing of the pore is a function of the guard cells. The guard cells swell when water
flows into them, causing the stomatal pore to open. Similarly the pore closes if the guard cells shrink.