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Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Substitution Reaction

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SUBSTITUTION REACTION:-

Saturated hydrocarbons are fairly unreactive and are inert in the presence of most reagents. However, in the presence of sunlight, chlorine is added to hydrocarbons in a very fast reaction. Chlorine can replace the hydrogen atoms one by one. It is called a substitution reaction because one type of atom or a group of atoms takes the place of another.

A number of products are usually formed with the higher homologues of alkanes.

CH4 + Cl2 → CH3Cl + HCl  (in the presence of sunlight)

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