SSC (Marathi Semi-English) 10thMaharashtra State Board

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Chemical Equation

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Definition and examples of chemical equations with one reactant and two or three products, two reactants and one product, two reactants and two products and two reactants and three or four products; balancing of equations. (By partial equation method and hit and trial method)


A chemical equation is a short-hand way to represent the components of a chemical reaction. There are several pieces of information provided in a chemical equation for those working with the chemical equation or corresponding chemical reaction.

You've worked with equations in mathematics where an equation is used to represent information such as equalities or inequalities. Chemical equations are different from mathematical equations because the two parts of a chemical reaction represent the 'before' and 'after' of a chemical reaction. In mathematical equations, an equals sign separates the two parts of the equation. In chemical equations, equal signs are not used. Instead, an arrow is used to separate the two sides of the equation, and it points in the direction that a chemical reaction will proceed.

Writing Chemical Equation: A chemical equation represents a chemical reaction. If you recall formulae of magnesium, oxygen and magnesium oxide, the above word-equation can be written as

Mg + O2 MgO

Count and compare the number of atoms of each element on the LHS and RHS of the arrow. Is the number of atoms of each element the same on both the sides? If yes, then the equation is balanced. If not, then the equation is unbalanced because the mass is not the same on both sides of the equation.

Video Tutorials

We have provided more than 1 series of video tutorials for some topics to help you get a better understanding of the topic.

Series 1

Series 2

Series 3 | Chemical Reactions & Equations Part 1

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Chemical Reactions & Equations Part 1 [00:08:15]
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