Consider the experiment of tossing a coin once. There are only two outcomes – Head or Tail. Both the outcomes are equally likely. Likelihood of getting a head is one out of two outcomes, i.e.,`1/2`.
In other words, we say that the probability of getting a head = `1/ 2`.
Example of throwing a die marked with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on its faces (one number on one face). If you throw it once, what are the outcomes?
The outcomes are: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Thus, there are six equally likely outcomes.
Numbers 1 to 10 are written on ten separate slips (one number on one slip), kept in a box and mixed well. One slip is chosen from the box without looking into it. What is the probability of.
(1) getting a number 6?
(2) getting a number less than 6?
(3) getting a number greater than 6?
(4) getting a 1-digit number?