CBSE Class 8CBSE
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Chance and Probability - Linking Chances to Probability

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Consider the experiment of tossing a coin once.  There are only two outcomes – Head or Tail. Both the outcomes are equally likely. Likelihood of getting  a head is one out of two outcomes, i.e.,`1/2`. 
In other words, we say that the probability of getting a head = `1/ 2`.

Example of throwing a die marked with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on its faces (one number on one face). If you throw it once, what are the outcomes? 
The outcomes are: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Thus, there are six equally likely outcomes.

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