Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Biomolecules in the Cell

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A. Carbohydrates

  • Monosaccharides - Glucose, Galactose, Fructose
  • Disaccharides
  • Polysaccharides - Starch, Glycogen, Cellulose
  • The biological significance of Carbohydrates

B. Lipids:

  • Saturated fatty acids
  • Unsaturated Fatty Acids - Simple Lipids, Compound lipids, Sterols

C. Proteins:

  • Classification of proteins - Simple proteins, Conjugated proteins, Derived proteins

D. Nucleic Acids - Structure of DNA, Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)

E. Enzymes

  • Nature of Enzymes
  • Properties of Enzymes - Proteinaceous Nature, Three-Dimensional conformation, Reversibility of action, Nomenclature of Enzymes, 
  • Classification of Enzymes - Oxidoreductases, Transferases, Hydrolases, Lyases, Isomerases, Ligases, or Synthetases, Mechanism of enzyme action
  • Lock and Key model
  • Induced Fit model (Flexible Model)
  • Factors Affecting Enzyme Activity - Concentration of Substrate, Enzyme Concentration, Temperature, Effect of pH, Other Substances
  • Concept of Metabolism - Catabolic pathways, Anabolic pathway
  • Metabolic pool
  • Secondary metabolites (SMs)
    1. Terpenes
    2. Phenolics
    3. Nitrogen-containing compounds
  • Economic importance
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