Introduction to Chemistry
- Concept of Chemistry - Meaning and Importance
- Development of Chemistry - Historical Perspective
- Concept for Notable Chemists/Scientists and Their Contributions
- Concept for Food and Chemistry
- Concept of Cosmetics and Chemistry
- Concept of Clothing and Chemistry
- Concept of Chemicals as Medicines
- Concept of Chemicals in Industries
Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
- Concept of Element - Identical Atoms
- Use of Symbols as Short Hand Notations of Writing Names of Elements
- Origin of Symbols of Elements
- Names and Symbols of First 20 Elements.
- Molecules of Elements Contain Atoms of the Same Element (O2, N2, H2).
- Concept of Compound
- Molecules of Compounds Contain Atoms of Different Elements. (H2o, Co2, No2, Cao, Zncl2)
- Concept of Mixture
- Difference Between Mixtures and Compounds
- Separation Techniques of Mixtures into Their Components - Sieving
- Separation Techniques of Mixtures into Their Components - Sedimentation
- Separation Techniques of Mixtures into Their Components: - Decantation
- Separation Techniques of Mixtures into Their Components: - Filtration
- Evaporation Method
- Separation Techniques of Mixtures into Their Components - Magnetic Separation
Common Laboratory Apparatus and Equipments
- Importance of Water in Everyday Life (Household Purpose, Industry, Watering Plants, Etc.)
- Concept of Water Resources (Well, River, Hand Pump, Lakes, Pond, Etc.)
- Concept for Capacity to Dissolve Salts
- Concept for Solute, Solvent and Solution
- Importance of Water for Sustenance of Life on Earth
- Concept for Reasons for Water Pollution
- Prevention of Water Pollution
- Conservation of Water
Air and Atmosphere
- The layers of Earth's atmosphere: Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, and Exosphere.
- Composition of air
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Explain the importance of carbon dioxide for (a) photosynthesis (b) warming the earth’s environment. State what would happen if excess carbon dioxide as a pollutant is released into the atmosphere.
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