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Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle

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description

  • Area of the Sector and Circular Segment
  • Length of an Arc

notes

1) Sector- The portion (or part) of the circular region enclosed by two radii and the corresponding arc is called a sector of the circle.

Here, OAPB is the minor sector and OAQB is the major sector.

Let OAPB be a sector of a circle with centre O and radius r. Let the degree measure of ∠AOB be θ.

Now, area of a circle= `πr^2`
We can consider this circular region to be a sector forming an angle of 360° at the centre O. 
When angle at the centre is 360, area of the sector= `πr^2`
when angle at the centre is 1, area of the sector= `(πr^2)/360`
So, when angle at the centre is θ.
area of the sector= `(πr^2)/360 xx θ`
area of the sector= `θ/360 xx πr^2`

2) Segment- The potion (or part) of the circular region enclosed between a chord and the corresponding arc is called a segment of the circle.

arc APB is the minor segment and arc AQB is the major segment.

Here, in a circle with centre O and radius r, You can see that:
Area of the segment APB = Area of the sector OAPB- Area of ΔOAB
`"Area"   "of"   "the"   "segment"   "APB" =θ/360 xx πr^2- "Area"   "of"   "ΔOAB"`

Shaalaa.com | Area Circles part 5 (Major Minor Sector and Segments)

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Area Circles part 5 (Major Minor Sector and Segments) [00:10:18]
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