#### description

- Area of the Sector and Circular Segment
- Length of an Arc

#### notes

1) Sector- The portion (or part) of the circular region enclosed by two radii and the corresponding arc is called a sector of the circle.

Here, OAPB is the minor sector and OAQB is the major sector.

Let OAPB be a sector of a circle with centre O and radius r. Let the degree measure of ∠AOB be θ.

Now, area of a circle= `πr^2`

We can consider this circular region to be a sector forming an angle of 360° at the centre O.

When angle at the centre is 360, area of the sector= `πr^2`

when angle at the centre is 1, area of the sector= `(πr^2)/360`

So, when angle at the centre is θ.

area of the sector= `(πr^2)/360 xx θ`

area of the sector= `θ/360 xx πr^2`

2) Segment- The potion (or part) of the circular region enclosed between a chord and the corresponding arc is called a segment of the circle.

arc APB is the minor segment and arc AQB is the major segment.

Here, in a circle with centre O and radius r, You can see that:

Area of the segment APB = Area of the sector OAPB- Area of ΔOAB

`"Area" "of" "the" "segment" "APB" =θ/360 xx πr^2- "Area" "of" "ΔOAB"`