Introducing Indian Society
Demographic Structure and Indian Society
Social Change and Development in India
The Story of Indian Democracy
Social Institutions - Continuity and Change
Market as a Social Institution
Change and Development in Rural Society
Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion
Change and Development in Industrial Society
The Challenges of Cultural Diversity
Globalisation and Social Change
Mass Media and Communication Process
Suggestions for Project Work
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Read the passage given and answer the questions :-
The harsh working conditions suffered by labourers in Aghanbigha were an outcome of the combined effect of the economic power of the maliks as a class and their overwhelming power as members of a dominant caste. A significant aspect of the social power of the maliks was their ability to secure the intervention of various arms of the state to advance their interests. Thus, political factors decissively contributed to widening the gulf between the dominant class and the underclass.
i. Why do you think the maliks were able to use the power of the state to advance their own interests?
ii. Why did labourers have harsh working conditions?
Hindi and regional language films were often set in rural areas. Think of a film set in rural India and describe the agrarian society and culture that is shown in it. How realistic do you think the portrayal is? Have you seen any recent film set in rural areas? If not how would you explain it?
Assertion(A): Members of low-ranked caste groups had to provide labour for a fixed number of days per year to the village zamindar.
Reason(R): Lack of resources and dependence on the landed caste for economic and social support meant that many working poor were tied to landowners in hereditary labour relationships.